Current seminars: The Animal Behavior and Welfare Group hosts seminars on the subject of applied animal behavior and animal welfare uninterruptedly since 1997. The Animal Behavior and Welfare Seminar Series is sponsored by the Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station.

November 10, 2005 - 10:30AM - 12:00PM, Room 1310; Anthony Hall
Brain Processing of Face Identity, Attraction, Emotion and Imagery: Insights from Sheep

Keith Kendrick, Professor, Head of Cognitive and Behavioural Neuroscience, The Babraham Institute, Babraham, Cambridge, UK

Summary of the seminar:

  • The presence of specialized neural systems for processing visual cues from faces was long thought to have evolved uniquely in primates as a result of increased importance of social interactions and communication. However, our discovery in 1987 that even sheep possessed some of these same specializations for aiding face recognition was not only the start of dispelling the popular view that this species lacked any social and mental sophistication, but has also allowed it to be developed into a useful animal model for investigating how the human brain may be organized to carry out this important function. This lecture will summarize how we have applied behavioral, pharmacological, molecular and electrophysiological approaches to reveal how sheep recognise faces and face emotion, what makes particular faces attractive and how their brain is organized to process the visual cues involved directly, together with its capacity for generating mental imagery.

Recent selected publications:

1. Horton PM, Bonny L, Nicol AU, Kendrick KM, Feng JF (2005) Applications of multi-variate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to multi-electrode array electrophysiology data. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 146 22-41

2. Da Costa APC, Leigh AE, Man M-S, Kendrick KM (2004) Face pictures reduce behavioural, autonomic, endocrine and neural indices of stress and fear in sheep. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 271 2077-2084

3. Meredith RM, McCabe BJ, Kendrick KM, Horn G (2004) Amino acid neurotransmitter release and learning: a study of visual imprinting. Neuroscience 126 249-256

4. Rogers SM, Matheson T, Sasaki K, Kendrick KM, Simpson SJ, Burrows M (2004) Substantial changes in central nervous system neurotransmitters and neuromodulators accompany phase change in the locust. Journal of Experimental Biology 207 3603-3617

5. Trabace L, Cassano T, Tucci P, Steardo L, Kendrick KM, Cuomo V (2004) The effects of nitric oxide on striatal serotoninergic transmission involve multiple targets: an in vivo microdialysis study in the awake rat. Brain Research 1008 293-298

6. Fabre-Nys, C, Chesneau D, De la Riva, C, Hinton M, Locatelli, A, Ohkura S and Kendrick KM.(2003) Biphasic role of dopamine on female sexual behaviour via D2 receptors in mediobasal hypothalamus. Neuropharmacology 44: 354-366.

7. Broad KD, et al (2002) Increased BDNF and trk-B mRNA expression in cortical and limbic regions following formation of a social recognition memory. European Journal of Neuroscience 16: 2166-2174

8. Peirce J and Kendrick KM (2002) Functional asymmetry in sheep temporal cortex. NeuroReport 13: 2395-2399.

9. Broad KD, Hinton MR, Keverne EB and Kendrick KM. (2002) Involvement of the medial prefrontal cortex in mediating behavioural responses to odour cues rather than olfactory recognition memory. Neuroscience 114: 715-729.

10. Kendrick KM, Leigh AE and Peirce J (2001) Behavioural and neural correlates of mental imagery in sheep using face recognition paradigms. Animal Welfare 10: 89-101.

11. Kendrick KM, et al (2001) Sheep don’t forget a face. Nature 414: 165-166.


October 12, 2005 - 12:00PM - 1:00PM, Room 205 B; Natural Science Building
BORN FREE? The Use of Zoo Data to Investigate Welfare Issues in Captive Wild Animals

Dr. Georgia Mason, Professor University of Guelph, Animal and Poultry Science, Guelph Ontario, Canada
Canada Research Chair in Animal Welfare

Summary of the seminar:

  • Discuss the first dataset compiled on the levels of stereotypic behaviour and infant mortality across multiple species of carnivore.
  • This was analyzed to test fundamental hypotheses about the depreviation of hunting and ranging on the welfare of these animals when caged.
  • Discuss the second dataset comprises the European "studbooks" for African and Asian elephants.

Recent selected publications:

1. P. E. Honess, J. L. Gimpel, S. E. Wolfensohn & G. J. Mason (2005). Alopecia scoring: The quantitative assessment of hair-loss in captive macaques. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 33: 193 - 206

2. S. S. Vickery & G. J. Mason (2005). Stereotypic behaviour in bears and its relationship with general behavioural persistence: further data. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 91: 247 – 260.

3. P. Hawkins, G. Grant, R. Raymond, G. Hughes, D. Morton, G. Mason, L. Playle, R. Hubrecht & M. Jennings (2004). Reducing suffering through refinement of procedures: Report of the 2003 RSPCA/UFAW rodent welfare group meeting. Animal Technology and Welfare: August 2004, pp. 79 – 85.

4. C. Burn & G. J. Mason (2004). Reported absorbencies of commercial rodent bedding are potentially misleading. Laboratory Animals 39: 68 - 74

5. S. S. Vickery & G. J. Mason (2004). Stereotypic behaviour in Asiatic black and Malayan sun bears. Zoo Biology 23: 409 - 430

6. G. Mason, C. Hampton, D. Wilson & H. Würbel (2004). Chromodacryorrhoea scores as a non-invasive means of assessing stress and disturbance in laboratory rats. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 32 (suppl. 1): 153 – 159.

7. S. Macri, G. Mason & H. Wuerbel (2004). Dissociations between maternal care and offspring phenotypes in maternally-separated rats. European Journal of Neuroscience 20: 1017 – 1024.

8. M. D. Thom, G. J. Mason, P. Stewart & D. W. Macdonald (2004). Polyandry in American mink: Female behaviour in the absence of male-male competition. Animal Behaviour 67: 975-984.

9. N. Latham & G. Mason (2004). From house mouse to mouse house: the behavioural biology of free-living Mus musculus and its implications in the laboratory. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 86: 261-289.

10. R. Clubb & G. Mason (2004). Pacing polar bears and stoical sheep: testing ecological and evolutionary hypotheses about animal welfare. Animal Welfare 13: S33 – S40.

11. G. J. Mason & N. Latham (2004). Can’t stop, won’t stop: Is stereotypy a reliable animal welfare indicator? Animal Welfare 13: S57 – S 69.

12. R. Clubb & G. Mason (2003). Captivity effects on wide-ranging carnivores . Nature 425: 473 – 474.


October 24 2003, Room 1240 Anthony Hall
The Influence of Genetic and Environmental Factors on Horse Temperament

Dr. Martine Hausberger, CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) Université de Rennes 1, France.
Dr. Hausberger will present findings from her research work investigating genetic and environmental factors that may alter the developmental trajectory of horses.

Selected publications:

1. Wolff A. & Hausberger M., (1992). Comparaison de caractéristiques comportementales chez les poulains : une étude quantitative. In: CEREOPA. 18ème Journée du Cheval, 78-91.

2. Wolff A. & Hausberger M., (1994). Behaviour of foals before weaning may have some genetic basis. Ethology, 96 : 1-10.

3. Muller C., (1995). Analyse des différences individuelles dans plusieurs traits comportementaux chez le cheval (Equus caballus). D.E.A. Biol. Comp. : Paris XIII, Villetaneuse.

4. Hausberger M., Le Scolan N., Muller C., Gautier E. & Wolff A., (1996). Caractéristiques individuelles dans le comportement du cheval : prédictibilité, facteurs endogènes et environnementaux. In: 22ème Journée d'Etude de la Recherche Equine, Institut du Cheval, 28 février, 113-123.

5. Wolff A. & Hausberger M., (1996). Learning and memorization of two different tasks in horses: the effects of age, sex and sire. App. Anim. Behav. Sci., 46 : 137-143.
6. Roux C., (1996). Stratégies individuelles de résolution de problème chez le cheval. D.E.A. Biol. Comp. : Paris XIII, Villetaneuse.

7. Le Scolan N., Hausberger M. & Wolff A., (1997). Stability over situations in temperamental traits of horses as revealed by experimental and scoring approaches. Behav. Processes, 41 : 257-266.

8. Wolff A., Hausberger M. & Le Scolan N., (1997). Experimental tests to assess emotivity in horses. Behav. Processes, 40 : 209-221.

9. Le Scolan N., (1997). Variations individuelles dans le comportement du cheval : les effets de différents facteurs. Diplôme Doctoral de Recherche, Rennes 1.

10. Larose C., (1997). Effet de l'impact de manipulations sur le comportement du poulain. D.E.A. Biol. Comp. : Paris XIII, Villetaneuse.

11. Le Scolan N., Hausberger M., Bruderer C. & Pierre J.S., (1998). Le tempérament du cheval : facteurs en jeu et implications pratiques. In: 24ème Journée de la Recherche Equine, Institut du Cheval, 159-169.

12. Hausberger M., Le Scolan N., Bruderer C. & Pierre J.S., (1999). Individual differences in the behaviour of horses: the effects of genetic and environmental factors. Contributions to the 26th International Ethological Conference, Bangalore, India, 2-9 August 1999. Adv. Ethol., 34 : 205.

13. Hausberger M. & Richard M., (1999). Ethologie et cheval : que peut apporter une discipline scientifique à une meilleure approche du cheval ? In L'équitation, le cheval et l'éthologie. Colloque du 18 septembre 1999 à l'Ecole Nationale d'Equitation, Saumur. Editions Belin, Paris : 35-45.


"Human-animal Relationships and Animal Welfare".
Dr. Paul Hemsworth (Click here to read BIO!) (web link)
November 7th
Room 1240 Anthony Hall
11:00-12:00

Some recent publications are:

1. Hemsworth, P.H., and Coleman, G.J. (1998). Human-Livestock Interactions: The Stockperson and the Productivity and Welfare of Intensively-farmed Animals. CAB International, Oxon UK.

2. Hemsworth, P.H., Barnett, J.L., Hofmeyr, C., Coleman, G.J., Dowling, S. and Boyce, J. (2002). The effects of fear of humans and pre-slaughter handling on the meat quality of pigs. Aust. J Agric. Res. 53: 1-9.

3. Hemsworth, P.H. Coleman, G.J., Barnett, J.L and Borg, S. (2000). Relationships between human-animal interactions and productivity of commercial dairy cows. J.Anim. Sci., 78: 2821-2831.

4. Hemsworth, P.H.,Coleman, G.J., Barnett, J.L., Borg, S. and Dowling, S. 2002). The effects of cognitive behavioral intervention on the attitude and behavior of stockpersons and the behavior and productivity of commercial dairy cows. J Anim Sci. 80, 68-78.

5. King, T., Hemsworth, P.H. and Coleman, G.J. (2003). Fear of novel and startling stimuli in domestic dogs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 83, 45-64.

6. Morrison, R.S., Hemsworth, P.H., Cronin, G.M. and Campbell, R.G. (2003). The social and feeding behaviour of growing pigs in deep-litter, group housing systems. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 82, 173-188.

7. Morrison, R.S., Hemsworth, P.H., Cronin, G.M. and Campbell, R.G. (2003). The effect of restricting pen space and feeder availability on the behaviour and growth performance of entire male growing pigs in a deep-litter, large group housing system. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 83: 163-176.


"Welfare audits for the animal industries.".
Dr. J. Barnett (Click here to read BIO!) (web link)
November 7th
Room 1240 Anthony Hall
11:00-12:00

Some recent publications are:

BARNETT, J.L. and NEWMAN, E.A. (1997). Review of welfare research in the laying hen and the research and management implications for the Australian egg industry. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 48: 385-402.

PEDERSEN, V., BARNETT, J.L., HEMSWORTH, P.H., NEWMAN, E.A. and SCHIRMER, B. (1998). The effects of  handling on behavioural and physiological responses to housing in tether-stalls in pregnant pigs. Animal Welfare, 7: 137-150.

BARNETT, J.L., COLEMAN, G.J., HEMSWORTH, P.H., NEWMAN, E.A., FEWINGS-HALL, S. and ZINI, C. (1999). Tail docking and beliefs about the practice in the Victorian Dairy Industry. Australian Veterinary Journal, 77: 742-747.

HEMSWORTH, P.H. and BARNETT, J.L. (2000). Human-Animal Interactions and Animal Stress. In: Biology of Stress, eds. Moberg, G.P. and Mench, J.A. (CAB International), pp. 309-335.

BARNETT, J.L., GLATZ, P.C., ALMOND, A., HEMSWORTH, P.H., CRANSBERG, P.H.,

PARKINSON, G.B. and JONGMAN, E. C. (2001). A Welfare Audit for the Chicken Meat Industry. (Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra, Australia).

BARNETT, J.L., HEMSWORTH, P.H., CRONIN, G.M., JONGMAN, E.C. and HUTSON, G.D. (2001). A review of the welfare issues for sows and piglets in relation to housing. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 55: 1-28.

BARNETT, J.L and HEMSWORTH, P.H. (2003). Science and its application in assessing the welfare of laying hens. Australian Veterinary Journal. (in press October 2003).


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