BOOKS PUBLISHED

  1. Book on Degradable Materials: Perspectives, Issues, and Opportunities, CRC Press, 1990, Editors: Ramani Narayan, S.A. Barenberg, J.L. Barash, and A.E. Redpath

  2. Book on Emerging Technologies for Materials, and Chemicals from Biomass, ACS Symp. Ser. 467, 1991. Editors: R. Rowell, T. Schultz, R. Narayan

  3. Biodegradable Polymer Technology, Editor, Ramani Narayan, Teltech Technology Dossier Service, Teltech Resource Network Corporation, 1996

PUBLICATIONS

  1. Ramani Narayan,"An Engineering Entrepreneurship Course for ChE Seniors" , Proceedings of the 2002 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition, American Society for Engineering Education, 2002.

  2. Philippe Dubois and Ramani Narayan, "Biodegradable Compositions by Reactive Processing of aliphatic polyester / polysaccharide blends" , Macromol Symposium, Polymer Blends, 2003.

  3. J-M Raquez, P. Degée, Ramani Narayan, and Philippe Dubois, "Some Thermodynamic, Kinetic, and Mechanistic Aspects of the Ring-Opening Polymerization of 1,4-Dioxan-2-one Initiated by Al(OiPr)3 in Bulk" MACROMOLECULES, Volume 34, Issue 24, pg 8419-8425, November 13, 2001

  4. Erhan Piskin, Hulaya Yavaz, and Ramani Narayan, Starch based Polymeric Materials, Turkish Plastics Foundation Journal, pg 136-139, August, 2001 -- Invited article click here to view article

  5. Ramani Narayan, Drivers for biodegradable/compostable plastics & role of composting in waste management & sustainable agriculture Bioprocessing of Solid Waste & Sludge, Vol1, Issue 1, 2001. This issue is available, free-of charge, at http://www.orbit-online.net/journal/. Proceedings of the International Conference on Biodegradable Polymers: Production, market utilization, and residue management, Wolfsburg, Germany organized by the Agency of Renewable Materials, Germany & the City of Wolfsburg, Germany (EXPO 2000). click here to view article

  6. Ramani Narayan, Reactive Extrusion Process Produces Biodegradable Films & Injection Molded Products Based on Soy Protein-Polyester, MRS (Materials Research Society) Bulletin, vol 28, No. 10, 2000 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  7. D. Rutot, P. Degee, Ramani Narayan, and P. Dubois, Aliphatic polyester-grafted starch composites by insitu ring opening polymerization, Composites Interfaces, vol 7, No. 3, 215-225, 2000 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  8. J-M Raquez, P. Degee, Ramani Narayan, P. Dubois, "Coordination-insertion ring-opening polymerization of 1,4-dioxan-2-0ne and controlled synthesis of diblock copolymers with e-caprolactone, Macromol. Rapid Commun. 21, No. 15, 1063-1071, 2000 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  9. D. Rutot, Ph Degee, R. Narayan, and Ph Dubois, "Aliphatic polyester-grafted starch composites by in situ ring opening polymerization"; Composite Interfaces, 7, 215-225 (2000

  10. Ph Dubois, M. Krishnan, and R. Narayan, "Aliphatic polyester grafted Polysaccharide-like composites by in situ ring-opening polymerization" ; Polymer, 40, 3091-3100 (1999)

  11. R. Narayan and C. Pettigrew, "ASTM Standards Help Define and Grow a New Biodegradable Plastics Industry", ASTM Standardization News,December, 1999, pg. 36; Invited Article. click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  12. S. Bloembergen, R. Narayan, I.J. McLennan, and C. Schmaltz, "Building on the Strength of Natural Materials with Innovative Chemical Solutions", Proceedings, European Adhesives Conference 1999, pg. 83, 1999

  13. R.G. Lehmann, D.M. Smith, R. Narayan, G.E. Kozerski, and J.R. Miller, "Life Cycle of Silicone Polymer, From Pilot-Scale Composting to Soil Amendment", Compost Sci., & Utillization, 7(3), 72-81, 1999 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  14. D. Carlson, P. Dubois, Li Nie, and R. Narayan, Maleation of Polylactide (PLA) by Reactive Extrusion, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 72, 477-485, 1999 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  15. P. Dubois, M. Krishnan, and R. Narayan, Aliphatic Polyester-Grafted Starch-Like Polysaccharides by Ring-Opening Polymerization, Polymer, 40, 3091, 1999 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  16. D. M. Smith, R. G. Lehmann, R. Narayan, G. E. Kozerski, and J. R. Miller, Fate and Effects of Silicone Polymer During the Composting Process, Compost Sci., & Utilization, 6 (2), 6-12, 1998 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  17. D. Witzke, and R. Narayan, Racemization Kinetics of the Polymerization of L-lactide with 2-ethylhexanoic acid Tin (II) Salt, American Chemical Society, Polymer Preprints, 39(2), 86, 1998

  18. S. Bloembergen, I. McLennan, S. C. Cassar, and R. Narayan, Polymer Resins Designed for Environmental Sustainability, Adhesives Age, February 1998.

  19. Narayan, R., Commercialization Technology: "A Case Study of Starch Based Biodegradable Plastics" In Paradigm for Successful Utilization of Renewable Resources, Eds: D.J. Sessa and J.L. Willett, AOCS Press, Champaign, Illinois, pg. 78, 1998. click here to view article

  20. Denise Carlson, Phillipe Dubois, and Ramani Narayan, Free Radical Branching of Polylactide by Reactive Extrusion, Polymer Eng., & Sci., 38 (2), 311, 1998. click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  21. David Witzke, Ramani Narayan, & J. F. Kolstad; Reversible Kinetics and Thermodynamics of the Homopolymerization of L-Lactide with 2-Ethylhexanoic Acid Tin(II) salt, Macromolecules , 30, 7075, 1997

  22. Rajeev Karnani, Mohan Krishnan, and Ramani Narayan, Biofiber-Reinforced Polypropylene Composites, Polymer Engineering and Science, February 1997, Vol. 37, No.2 p. 476-483 (1996) click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  23. R. Narayan, and M. Krishnan, Biodegradable Composites and Blends of Starch with poly(e-caprolactone), American Chemical Society, Polym. Mater. Sci. Eng., 72, 186, 1995

  24. M. Bhattacharya, U. R. Vaidya, D. Zhang, and R. Narayan, Properties of blends of starch and synthetic polymers containing anhydride groups. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 57, 539 (1995)

  25. Ramani Narayan, Biodegradable Plastics , Globec '96, 9th Global Environmental Technology Congress, Davos, Switzerland, March 18-22, 1996.

  26. Li Nie, R. Narayan, and E.A. Grulke Effect of intramolecular reaction on the branching process of grafting reaction between two reactive polymers Polymer,.36, (7), 1469 (1995)

  27. Li Nie, R. Narayan, and E.A. Grulke Branching process of grafting reaction between two reactive polymers Polymer, 36, (11) 2227, (1995)

  28. Li Nie, and R, Narayan. Upper limit of grafting reaction and phase homogeneity:cellulose acetate-poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) grafting system. Polymer, 35, 4334, (1994)

  29. Li Nie, and R. Narayan Grafting cellulose acetate with poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) for improved dimensional stability of cellulose acetate. J. Appl. Polymer Sci., 54, 601 (1994)

  30. Narayan R., Polymeric Materials from Agricultural Feedstocks, In Polymers from Agricultural Coproducts, Ed., M.L. Fishman, R.B. Friedman, and S.J. Huang, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser ., 575, 2, 1994. click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat reader)

  31. Narayan R., Impact of Governmental Policies, Regulations, and Standards Activities on an Emerging Biodegradable Plastics Industry, In Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers, Eds., Y. Doi & K. Fukuda, Elsevier, New York, 1994, pg. 261. click here to view article

  32. Bloembergen, J. David, D. Geyer, A. Gustafson, J. Snook, and R. Narayan, Biodegradation And Composting Studies of Polymeric Materials, In Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers, Eds., Y. Doi & K. Fukuda, Elsevier, New York, 1994, pg. 601. click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  33. Snook, J. and R. Narayan, The Role of Biodegradable Materials in Solid Waste Management, in Waste Management & Recycling International, Sterling Publications Ltd., London, pg.40, 1994, -- Invited article

  34. R.M. Rowell, H. Spelter, Rodger A. Arola, P. Davis, T. Friberg, R.W. Hemingway, T. Rials, D. Luneke, R. Narayan, Opportunities for composites from recycled wastewood-based resources: a problem analysis and research plan, For. Prod. J., 43, 55 (1993)

  35. Narayan R., and C.K. Mohan Krishnan, Reactive Extrusion Processing of polypropylene-lignocellulosic blend materials , in Wood Fiber/Polymer Composites (1st Wood Fiber-Plastic Composite Conference), Ed., M. P. Wolcott, Forest Products Society, 1993, p. 57 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  36. Narayan R., Biodegradable Plastics in Opportunities for Innovation: Biotechnology, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, U.S. Department of Commerce) Monograph; NIST GCR-93-633, pg 135, 1993 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  37. Benda M., and R. Narayan, Life cycle analysis: a marketing nightmare, in Cellulosics: Pulp, Fibre, and Environmental Aspects, Eds., J.F. Kennedy, G.O. Phillips, and P.A. Williams, Ellis Horwood Ltd., 1993 p.297 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  38. Narayan R., and C.K. Mohan Krishnan, Reactive Extrusion of polypropylene-lignocellulosic blend materials, in Cellulosics: Pulp, Fibre, and Environmental Aspects, Eds., J.F. Kennedy, G.O. Phillips, and P.A. Williams, Ellis Horwood Ltd., 1993, p. 543

  39. Narayan R., Biodegradation of Polymeric Materials (Anthropogenic Macromolecules) During Composting, In "Science and Engineering of Composting: Design, Environmental, Microbiological and Utilization Aspects"; Eds. H. A. J. Hoitink and H.M. Keener, Renaisance Publications, Ohio, 1993, pg 339 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  40. Benda M., R. Narayan, and J. Sticklen, Use of Expert Systems for Life Cycle Analysis, In Automobile Life Cycle Tools and Recycling Technologies, SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) Technical Paper Series, 1993 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  41. Ramani Narayan, Abbaubare Polymere (Degradable Polymers) in Recycling von Kunststoffen, G. Menges, W. Michaeli, and M. Bittner, Eds.,1992, p. 199 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  42. Mohan Krishnan and Ramani Narayan, Compatibilization of Biomass Fibers with Hydrophobic Materials, Materials Research Society, Symposium Proceedings,vol 266, 93, (1992) click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  43. Narayan, R., Rationale and Design of Environmentally Degradable Nonwovens. INDA Nonwovens Res., 3, 1 (1991) click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  44. Ramani Narayan, The move towards Biomass (Renewable) Resources for Production of Materials, Chemicals, and Fuels -- A Paradigm Shift, in "Emerging Technologies for Materials & Chemicals from Biomass, Eds., R. Rowell, T. Schultz, R. Narayan, ACS Symp Ser .,476, 1, (1991)

  45. Ramani Narayan, Compatibilization of lignocellulosics with plastics, in "Emerging Technologies for Materials & Chemicals from Biomass, Eds., R. Rowell, T. Schultz, R. Narayan, ACS Symp Ser.,476, 57, (1991) click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  46. Ramani Narayan and Robert P. Neu, Composite Systems of Lignocellulosics with Synthetic Polymers, Materials Research Society, Symposium Proceedings, vol 197, 55, 1990. click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  47. Gunderson, S. L., Narayan, R., and Schiavone R. C., An overview of three biotechnology areas for the development of advanced composite materials and structures, Proceedings: American Society for Composites, Fifth Technical Conference, Technomic Publishing Co., Lancaster, pp 165, 1990

  48. Ramani Narayan, Recycling back to Nature - Environmentally Degradable Plastics, Chapter One (AIChE Student Journal), 4, 13, May 1990 -- Invited article click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  49. Ramani Narayan, Rationale and Design of Environmentally Degradable Plastics, Standardization News, 17 (11), 40, 1989 (Invited article)

  50. Ramani Narayan, Environmentally Degradable Plastics , Kunststoffe, 79, 10, 1022 (1989) (Invited article) click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  51. Biermann C., and Ramani Narayan, Grafting of Polyethyleneimine onto Cellulose Acetate, Carbohydr. Polymer , 12, 323, 1990 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  52. Ramani Narayan, Nathan Stacey, Zhong-jing Lu, Engineering of Controlled Cellulose/Starch Graft Copolymer Structures , Polymer Preprints, Am. Chem. Soc., 306, 105-106 (1989).

  53. Narayan R., N. Stacy, M. Ratcliff, H.L. Chum, Engineering Ligno-Polystyrene Materials of Controlled Structures , ACS Symp. Ser., 397, 476(1989)

  54. Ramani Narayan, Synthesis of Controlled Cellulose-Synthetic Polymer Graft Copolymer Structures In Cellulose and Wood, Chemistry and Technology, ed., C. Schuerch, p. 945 (1989) -- Proceedings of the Tenth Cellulose Conference click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  55. Ramani Narayan, Preparation of Corn-based Plastics for Materials Applications, Proceedings of the First Annual Corn Utilization Conference, June, 1987 pg. 209 click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  56. Hayward, A.K. Lister, T. Kotlaho, R.G. Cooks, G.D. Austin, R. Narayan, and G.T. Tsao, Tandem Mass Spectrometry for On-Line Fermentation Monitoring, Biotech Techniques, 3 (6), 361, 1989

  57. Narayan, R., T. Kiessling, and G. T. Tsao, Glycerol from the Tubers of Jerusalem Artichoke, Appl. Biochem. Biotech., 17, 45, (1987). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  58. Narayan Ramani, Preparation of Bio-based Polymers for Materials Applications, Appl. Biochem. Biotech., 17, 7, (1987). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  59. Narayan, R. ,C. J. Biermann, M. O. Hunt, and D. P. Horn, Cellulose Graft Copolymers for Potential Adhesive Applications: Bonding of Plastics to Wood, ACS Symp. Ser., 385, 337, (1989). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  60. Biermann, C. J. and R. Narayan, Grafting of Preformed Polyamide onto Cellulose Acetate, Forest Prod. J., 38(1), 27, (1988). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  61. Bienkowski, P. R., M. R. Ladisch, R. Narayan, G. T.Tsao, and R. Eckert, Correlation of Glucose (Dextrose) Degradation at 900 C to 1900 C in 0.4 to 20% Acid, Chem. Eng. Comm., 51, 179-192 (1987).

  62. Biermann, C. J. and R. Narayan, Grafting of Partially Hydrolyzed Poly(Methylmethacrylate) onto Mesylated Cellulose Acetate , Polymer ,28, 2176 (1987). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  63. Biermann, C. J., J. B. Chung, and R. Narayan, Grafting of Polystyrene onto Cellulose Acetate by Nucleophilic Displacement of Mesylate Groups Using the Polystyrylcarboxylate Anion, Macromolecules, 20 (5), 954-957 (1987). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  64. Biermann, C. J. and R. Narayan, Crosslinking of Cellulose Acetate with Phosphorus Pentoxide, J. Polymer Sci.: Part C: Polymer Lett., 25, 89-92 (1987). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  65. Narayan, R. and M. Shay, Synthesis of Cellulose-g-Polystyrene by Anionic Polymerization, in Recent Advances in Anionic Polymerization, T. E. Hogen-Esch and J. Smid, eds., Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc., New York, pp. 441-450 (1987). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  66. Biermann, C. J. and R. Narayan, Triflates of Cellulose Acetate and O-Methylcellulose: Occurrence of Cross-linking , Carbohydrate Research, 153, (1986). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  67. Narayan, R. and M. Shay, Graft Copolymerization onto Cellulose Acetate and Wood Using Anionic Polymerization, in Renewable Resource Materials, New Polymer Sources, C. E. Carraher, Jr. and L. H. Sperling, eds., Plenum, New York, pp. 137-146 (1986); Polym. Sci.Tech., 33, 137-146 (1986). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  68. Narayan, R. and G. T. Tsao, A New Synthetic Route to Cellulosic Graft Copolymers, in Advances in Polymer Synthesis , B. M. Culbertson and J. E. McGrath, eds., Plenum Press, New York, p. 405 (1985); Polym. Sci. Tech., 31, 405 (1985).

  69. Voloch, M., N. Jansen, M. Ladisch, R. Narayan, and G.T. Tsao, Fermentation Derived 2,3-Butanediol, in Comprehensive Biotechnology , Pergamon Press Ltd., England Vol 2, Section 3, p. 933 (1986). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  70. Narayan, R. and G. T. Tsao, Anionic Graft Polymerization onto Cellulose, in Cellulose:Structure, Modification, and Hydrolysis, R. A. Young and R.M. Rowell, eds., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 177-185 (1986).

  71. Narayan, R., and G. T. Tsao, Mechanism of Graft Copolymerization of Vinyl Monomers onto Cellulose by Periodate , J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Lett. Ed., 21, 437 (1983).

  72. Chang, C. J., J. DaSilva Gomes, D. Ashworth, and R. Narayan, 13C NMR Spectra of Methylated Nucleosides, Org. Magn. Resonance , 22, (11), 671 (1984).

  73. Narayan, R., G. Durrence, and G. T. Tsao, Ethylene Glycol and other Monomeric Polyols from Biomass, Biotechnol. Bioeng. Symp. Ser., 14, 563-571 (1984). click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  74. Narayan, R. and C. J. Chang, Synthesis of (2-13C, 2-14C)-2-amino Ethanol, N,N-bis (1-13C, 1-14C)-2-chlorethyl-N-nitrosourea (BCNU), N-(1-13C, 1-14C)-2-chlorethyl- N-nitrosourea, J. Labelled Comp. and Radiopharm., 19, 129 (1982).

  75. Narayan, R., S. Huang and K. Wood,Chemical Structural Units in a Subbituminous (Wyodak) Coal, Proceedings 1987 International Conference on Coal Science, J. A. Moulijn, ed., Elsevier Science Publishers, p. 61 (1987).

  76. Bienkowski, P. R., R. Narayan, R. A. Greenkorn, and K. C. Chao, Enhanced Coal Liquefaction with Steam Pretreatment, Ind. & Eng. Chem., 26, 202 (1987).

  77. Bienkowski, P. R., R. Narayan, R. A. Greenkorn, and K. C. Chao, Liquefaction of a Subbituminous Coal with Steam and Ammonia, Ind. & Eng. Chem., 26, 206 (1987).

  78. Derbyshire, F., Marzec, A., Schulten, H-R, Wilson, M.A., Narayan R., et al., Structure of CoalFuel 68, 1091, 1989

  79. Wood K., Ramani Narayan, K. R. Stringham, S. L. Huang, and Henry Leehe, Characterization of the oil extract of an Indiana Shale, Fuel Proc. Tech., 26, 73-81 (1990) click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

  80. Mahendra Jain, Ramani Narayan, and A. Lathia, Anaerobic Processing of Wyodak (U.S.A.) Coal. Fuel, 70, 576 (1991) click here to view article in PDF format (must have adobe acrobat)

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