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A complete bibliography of Frank H. Knight's work is available.

Emmett, R.B. “Frank Hyneman Knight (1885 1972): A Bibliography of His Writings.” Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology, edited by Warren J. Samuels and Jeff Biddle, archival supplement 9 (1999): 1-100.

The same bibliography is available to researchers in Special Collections, The University of Chicago Library, Chicago. Researchers will also want to consult the finding guide for the Knight Papers, which is available in Special Collections, University of Chicago Library and in published form (from the same volume):

“Frank Hyneman Knight Papers 1910 - 1972: Finding Guide.” (Compiled by Glen James Gilchrist and George J. Stigler, revised by Ross B. Emmett.) Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology, edited by Warren J. Samuels and Jeff Biddle, archival supplement 9 (1999): 101-273.

The following bibliography includes Knight's published books, scholarly articles, and major book reviews. It does not include his many short book reviews, notes, replies, and unpublished manuscripts. Information regarding those is available in the complete bibliography.

Only original publication dates are provided, although mention is made when articles are included in the various collected volumes of Knight's work. For complete publication information regarding Knight's books and key articles, see the accompanying pages.

The bibliography is arranged chronologically, with books and essays listed at the beginning of the year they were published.

“The Thirteenth Census Report on Occupations.” American Economic Review 5 (March 1915): 184-88. [Review of Thirteenth Census of the United States, vol. IV: Population. Occupation Statistics.]

“Mechanical Devices in European Statistical Work.” Quarterly Publications of the American Statistical Association 14 (June 1915): 596-99.

“A Theory of Business Profit.” Ph.D. diss., Cornell University, 1916.

“Neglected Factors in the Problem of Normal Interest.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 30 (February 1916): 279-310.

“The Concept of Normal Price in Value and Distribution.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 32 (November 1917): 66-100.

Review of The Place of Science in Modern Civilization, by Thorstein Veblen. Journal of Political Economy 28 (June 1920): 518-20.

Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1921.

“Traditional Economic Theory--Discussion.” American Economic Review 11 (March 1921 Supplement): 143-46.

“Cost of Production and Price Over Long and Short Periods.” Journal of Political Economy 29 (April 1921): 304-35. Reprinted in The Ethics of Competition.

“Cassel's Theoretische Sozialökonomie.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 36 (November 1921): 145-53. [Review of Theoretische Sozialökonomie, by G. Cassel.]

“Ethics and the Economic Interpretation.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 36 (May 1922): 454-81. Reprinted in The Ethics of Competition.

“Some Books on Fundamentals.” Journal of Political Economy 31 (June 1923): 342-59. [Review article on Supply and Demand, by H.D. Henderson; The Economics of Welfare, by A.C. Pigou; Principles of the New Economics, by L.D. Edie; and Introduction to Economics (revised ed.), by A.S. Johnson.]

“The Ethics of Competition.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 37 (August 1923): 579-624. Reprinted in The Ethics of Competition; and Selected Essays, vol. 1.

“The Limitations of Scientific Method in Economics.” In The Trend of Economics, edited by R.G. Tugwell, 229-67. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1924. Essay reprinted in The Ethics of Competition; and Selected Essays, vol. 1.

“Some Fallacies in the Interpretation of Social Cost.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 38 (August): 582-606. Reprinted in The Ethics of Competition; and Selected Essays, vol. 1.

“Economic Psychology and the Value Problem.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 39 (May 1925): 372-409. Reprinted in The Ethics of Competition.

“Fact and Metaphysics in Economic Psychology.” American Economic Review 15 (June 1925): 247-66. Reprinted in Selected Essays, vol. 1.

“A Note on Professor Clark's Illustration of Marginal Productivity.” Journal of Political Economy 33 (October 1925): 550-53. [Comment on Studies in the Economics of Overhead Costs, by J.M. Clark.]

“Interest Theory and Price Movement--Discussion.” American Economic Review 17 (March Supplement 1927): 120-21.

“A Suggestion for Simplifying the Statement of the General Theory of Price.” Journal of Political Economy 36 (June 1928): 353-70.

“Historical and Theoretical Issues in the Problem of Modern Capitalism.” Journal of Economic and Business History 1 (November 1928): 119-36. Reprinted in On the History & Method of Economics. [Review article on Der Moderne Kapitalismus: Historisch-systematische Darstellung des gesamteuropäischen Wirtschaftslebens von seinen Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart, vol. III: Das Wirtschaftsleben im Zeitalter des Hochkapitalismus, by Werner Sombart]

“Homan's Contemporary Economic Thought.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 43 (November 1928): 132-41. [Review article on Contemporary Economic Thought, by P.T. Homan.]

“Freedom as Fact and Criterion.” International Journal of Ethics 39 (January 1929): 129-47. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform.

“Absentee Ownership.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 1. New York: Macmillan, 1930.

“Abstinence.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 1. New York: Macmillan, 1930.

“The Theory of Economic Dynamics as Related to Industrial Instability--Discussion.” American Economic Review 20 (March Supplement, 1930): 35-37.

“Statik und Dynamik zur Frage der Mechanischen Analogie in den Wirtshaftswissenschaften.” Zeitschrift für Nationalökonomie 2 (August 1930): 1-26.

“Relation of Utility Theory to Economic Method in the Work of William Stanley Jevons and Others.” In Methods in Social Science, edited by Stuart Rice, 59-69. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1931.

“Davenport, Herbert Joseph.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 5. New York: Macmillan, 1931.

“Demand--Theory.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 5. New York: Macmillan.

“Exchange.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 5. New York: Macmillan, 1931.

“Economics--History of Economic Thought: Marginal Utility Economics.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 5. New York: Macmillan, 1931. Reprinted in The Ethics of Competition.

“Professor Fisher's Interest Theory: A Case in Point.” Journal of Political Economy 39 (April 1931): 176-212.

“Das Wertproblem in der Wirtschaftstheorie.” In Die Wirtschaftstheorie der Gegenwart, vol. II, Wert, Preis, Produktion, Geld und Kredit, edited by Hans Mayer, 52-72. Vienna: Julius Springer, 1932.

“Interest.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 8. New York: Macmillan, 1932. Reprinted in Ethics of Competition.

“The Newer Economics and the Control of Economic Activity.” Journal of Political Economy 40 (August 1932): 433-76. [Review article on Modern Economic Society, by Sumner H. Slichter.]

The Economic Organization. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1933.

“Capitalistic Production, Time and the Rate of Return.” In Economic Essays in Honour of Gustav Cassel, 327-42. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1933.

“Can We Vote Ourselves Out of the Fix We Are In?” The Christian Century, 1 February 1933, 151-54.

“Profit.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 12. New York: Macmillan, 1934.

“Risk.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 13. New York: Macmillan, 1934.

“Supply.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 14. New York: Macmillan, 1934.

“Taylor, Fred Manville.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 14. New York: Macmillan, 1934.

Review of The Nature and Significance of Economic Science, by Lionel Robbins. International Journal of Ethics 44 (April 1934): 358-61.

“The Nature of Economic Science in Some Recent Discussion.” American Economic Review 24 (June 1934): 225-38. [Review article on Prolegomena to Relativity Economics: An Elementary Study in the Mechanics and Organics of an Expanding Economic Universe, by Ralph William Souter.]

“Social Science and the Political Trend.” University of Toronto Quarterly 3 (July): 407-27. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform.

“Capital, Time and the Interest Rate.” Economica, n.s., 1 (August 1934): 257-86.

“The Common Sense of Political Economy (Wicksteed Reprinted).” Journal of Political Economy 42 (October 1934): 660-73. Reprinted in History & Method. [Review article on The Common Sense of Political Economy and Selected Papers and Reviews on Economic Theory, by Philip H. Wicksteed, edited by Lionel Robbins.]

“The New Deal and Liberalism.” In Report of Midwest Conference on Industrial Relations, 35-44. School of Business, University of Chicago, 1934.

“Modern Thought: Is It Anti-Intellectual?” University of Chicago Magazine 27 (November 1934): 20 21, 23.

The Ethics of Competition and Other Essays. New York: Harper & Bros., 1935.

“Value and Price.” In Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 15. New York: Macmillan, 1935. Reprinted in The Ethics of Competition.

“Intellectual Confusion on Morals and Economics.” International Journal of Ethics 45 (January 1935): 200-20.

“The Ricardian Theory of Production and Distribution.” Canadian Journal of Economics & Political Science 1 (February and May 1935): 3-25, 171-96. Reprinted in On the History & Method of Economics; and Selected Essays, vol. 1.

“Bemerkungen über Nutzen und Kosten.” Zeitschrift für Nationalökonomie 6 (1935): 28-52, 315 36.

“Professor Hayek and the Theory of Investment.” Economic Journal 45 (March 1935): 77-94.

“Social Science and Social Action.” International Journal of Ethics 46 (October 1935): 1-33.

“The Theory of Investment Once More: Mr. Boulding and the Austrians.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 50 (November 1935): 36-67.

“Barbara Wootton on Economic Planning.” Journal of Political Economy 43 (December 1935): 809-14. [Review article on Plan or No Plan, by Barbara Wootton.]

“Pragmatism and Social Action.” International Journal of Ethics 48 (January 1936): 229-36. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform. [Review article on Liberalism and Social Action, by John Dewey.]

“The Place of Marginal Economics in a Collectivist System.” American Economic Review 26 (March 1936 Supplement): 255-66.

“The Quantity of Capital and the Rate of Interest.” Journal of Political Economy 44 (August and October 1936): 433-63, 612-42.

“Some Issues in the Economics of Stationary States.” American Economic Review 26 (September): 393-411. [Review article on The Economics of Stationary States, by A.C. Pigou.]

“Unemployment: And Mr. Keynes's Revolution in Economic Theory.” Canadian Journal of Economics & Political Science 3 (February 1937): 100-23. [Review article on The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, by J.M. Keynes.]

“Note on Dr. Lange's Interest Theory.” Review of Economic Studies 4 (June 1937): 223-30.

“Economists on Economic Ethics.” International Journal of Ethics 48 (October 1937): 98-108. [Review article on Getting and Earning: A Study of Inequality, by Raymond T. Bye and Ralph H. Blodgett.]

“On the Theory of Capital: In Reply to Mr. Kaldor.” Econometrica 6 (January 1938): 63-82.

“Two Economists on Socialism.” Journal of Political Economy 46 (April 1938): 241-50. [Review article on Socialism versus Capitalism, by A.C. Pigou and The Economic System in a Socialist State, by R.L. Hall.]

“A Biologist Solves the Social Problem.” Ethics 48 (July 1938): 531-5. [Review article on The Retreat from Reason, by Lancelot T. Hogben.]

“Lippman's The Good Society.” Journal of Political Economy 46 (December 1938): 864-72. [Review article on The Good Society, by Walter Lippman.]

“Ethics and Economic Reform.” Economica, n.s., 6 (February, August, November): 1-29, 296-321, 398-422. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform; and Selected Essays, vol. 2.

“Theology and Education.” American Journal of Sociology 44 (March): 649-79. [Review article on The Case for Theology in the University, by William Adams Brown.]

“Bertrand Russell on Power.” Ethics 49 (April 1939): 253-85. [Review article on Power: A New Social Analysis, by Bertrand Russell.]

“Imperfect Competition.” Journal of Marketing 3 (April 1939): 360-66.

“Quantification: The Quest for Precision--Discussion.” In Eleven Twenty-Six: A Decade of Social Science Research, edited by L. Wirth, 167-70. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1940.

“'What is Truth' in Economics?” Journal of Political Economy 48 (February 1940): 1-32. Reprinted in On the History & Method of Economics; and in Selected Essays, vol. 1. [Review article on The Significance and Basic Postulates of Economic Theory, by T.W. Hutchison.]

“Socialism: The Nature of the Problem.” Ethics 50 (April 1940): 253-89. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform; and Selected Essays, vol. 2.

“Professor Parsons on Economic Motivation.” Canadian Journal of Economics & Political Science 6 (August 1940): 460-65.

“Social Science.” Ethics 51 (January 1941): 127-43. Reprinted in On the History & Method of Economics.

“Anthropology and Economics.” Journal of Political Economy 49 (April 1941): 247-68. Reprinted in Selected Essays, vol. 2. [Review article on The Economic Life of Primitive Peoples, by Melville J. Herskovits.]

“The Business Cycle, Interest, and Money: A Methodological Approach.” Review of Economic Statistics 23 (May 1941): 53-67. Reprinted in On the History & Method of Economics.

“Religion and Ethics in Modern Civilization.” Journal of Liberal Religion 3 (Summer 1941): 3-22. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform.

"The Meaning of Democracy: Its Politico-Economic Structure and Ideals." Journal of Negro Education 10 (July 1941): 318-32. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform.

“The Meaning of Freedom.” Ethics 52 (October 1941): 86-109. [Review article on Freedom: Its Meaning, edited by Ruth Nanda Anshen.]

“Professor Mises and the Theory of Capital.” Economica, n.s., 8 (November 1941): 409-27. [Review article on Nationalökonomie: Theorie des Handelns und Wirtschaftens, by Ludwig von Mises.]

“The Role of the Individual in the Economic World of the Future.” Journal of Political Economy 49 (December 1941): 817-32.

“Fact and Value in Social Science.” In Science and Man, edited by Ruth Anshen, 325-45. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1942. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform.

“Some Notes on the Economic Interpretation of History.” In Studies in the History of Culture: The Disciplines of the Humanities, 217-31. Menasha, WI: George Banta Publishing, 1942. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform.

“The War and the Crisis of Individualism.” In Economic Problems of War and Its Aftermath, edited by Chester W. Wright, 141-65. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1942.

"Science, Philosophy, and Social Procedure." Ethics 52 (April 1942): 253-74. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform.

“Adler's A Dialectic of Morals.” Ethics 53 (October 1942): 56-63. [Review article on A Dialectic of Morals: Towards the Foundations of Political Philosophy, by Mortimer J. Adler.]

“Profit and Entrepreneurial Functions.” In The Tasks of Economic History (December 1942 Supplement to Journal of Economic History 2), 126-32.

“The Meaning of Freedom.” In The Philosophy of American Democracy, edited by Charner M. Perry, 59-86. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1943.

“The Ideal of Freedom: Conditions for Its Realization.” In The Philosophy of American Democracy, edited by Charner M. Perry, 87-118. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1943.

“Social Causation.” American Journal of Sociology 49 (July 1943): 46-55. Reprinted in On the History & Method of Economics.

“The Rights of Man and Natural Law.” Ethics 54 (January 1944): 124-45. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform. [Review article on The Rights of Man and Natural Law, by Jacques Maritain.]

“Diminishing Returns from Investment.” Journal of Political Economy 52 (March 1944): 26-47.

“Economics, Political Science, and Education.” American Economic Review 34 (March 1944 Supplement): 68-76. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform.

“Human Nature and World Democracy.” American Journal of Sociology 49 (March 1944): 408-20. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform.

“Realism and Relevance in the Theory of Demand.” Journal of Political Economy 52 (December 1944): 289-318.

With Thornton W. Merriam. The Economic Order and Religion. New York: Harper & Bros., 1945.

“Capital and Interest.” In Encyclopedia Britannica, 14th edition, vol. 4, 1946.

“The Sickness of Liberal Society.” Ethics 56 (January 1946): 79-95. Reprinted in Freedom & Reform.

Freedom and Reform: Essays in Economics and Social Philosophy. New York: Harper & Bros., 1947.

“Individualism.” In Encyclopedia Britannica, 14th edition, vol. 12, 1947.

“The Future of Free Society.” In Our Emergent Civilization, edited by Ruth Nanda Anshen, 202-30. New York: Harper & Bros., 1947.

“Short Cuts to Justice and Happiness.” Ethics 57 (April 1947): 199-205. [Review on The Liberal Tradition: A Study of the Social and Spiritual Conditions of Freedom, by William Aylott Orton.]

“Salvation by Science: The Gospel According to Professor Lundberg.” Journal of Political Economy 55 (December 1947): 537-52. Reprinted in On the History & Method of Economics. [Review article on Can Science Save Us?, by George A. Lundberg.]

“Free Society: Its Basic Nature and Problem.” Philosophical Review 57 (January 1948): 39-58. Reprinted in On the History & Method of Economics.

“Professor Heimann on Religion and Economics.” Journal of Political Economy 56 (December 1948): 480-97. [Review article on Freedom and Order: Lessons from the War, by Eduard Heimann.]

“Virtue and Knowledge: The View of Professor Polanyi.” Ethics 59 (July 1949): 271-84. [Review article on Science, Faith and Society and The Foundations of Academic Freedom, by Michael Polanyi).]

“Institutionalism.” In Collier's Encyclopedia, vol. 10, 1950.

“The Determination of Just Wages.” In Twentieth Century Economic Thought, edited by Glenn E. Hoover, 467-511. New York: Philosophical Library, 1950.

“Comment on Professor Parsons' Article.” Journal of Farm Economics 32 (February 1950): 112-22.

The Economic Organization: with an Article, “Notes on Cost and Utility.” New York: A.M. Kelley, 1951.

Economics and Ethics of the Wage Problem.” In The Impact of the Union: Eight Economic Theorists Evaluate the Labor Union Movement, edited by David McCord Wright, 80-110. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1951.

“Economics.” In Encyclopedia Britannica, 14th edition, vol. 7, 1951. Reprinted in On the History & Method of Economics.

“The Role of Principles in Economics and Politics.” American Economic Review 41 (March 1951): 1-29. Reprinted in On the History & Method of Economics; and Selected Essays, vol. 2.

“Economics and Welfare.” Ethics 61 (April 1951): 219-24. [Review article on Theories of Welfare Economics, by Hla Myint.]

Economic Freedom and Social Responsibility: An Essay in Economics and Ethics. Atlanta: Emory University, 1952.

“Institutionalism and Empiricism in Economics.” American Economic Review 42 (May 1942 Supplement): 45-55.

“Conflict of Values: Freedom and Justice.” In Goals of Economic Life, edited by Dudley Ward, 204-30. New York: Harper & Bros., 1953.

“Theory of Economic Policy and the History of Doctrine.” Ethics 63 (July 1953): 276-92. [Review article on The Theory of Economic Policy in English Classical Political Economy, by Lionel Robbins.]

“Professor Tawney: Essayist and Christian Socialist.” Journal of Political Economy 61 (October 1953): 406-12. [Review article on The Attack, by R.H. Tawney.]

“Economic Objectives in a Changing World.” In Economics and Public Policy, by Arthur Smithies, Joseph J. Spengler, Frank H. Knight, John Jewkes, Jacob Viner, and Lionel Robbins, 49-80. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1955.

“Knowledge and Its Methods in the Social Sciences.” In The Unity of Knowledge, edited by Lewis Leary, 165-88. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1955.

“Economic Welfare in a Free Society--Discussion.” In National Policy for Economic Welfare at Home and Abroad, edited by Robert Lekachman, 334-41. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1955.

“Schumpeter's History of Economics.” Southern Economic Journal 21 (January 1955): 261-72. [Review article on The History of Economic Analysis, by Joseph A. Schumpeter.]

“Professor R.B. Perry on Value.” Journal of Political Economy 63 (April 1955): 162-73. [Review article on Realms of Value: A Critique of Civilization, by Ralph Barton Perry.]

On the History and Method of Economics: Selected Essays. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956.

“Science, Society, and the Modes of Law.” In The State of the Social Sciences, edited by Leonard D. White, 9-28. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956.

“Value Theory for Economists.” American Economic Review 46 (March 1956): 142-50. [Review article on The Value Judgement, by W.D. Lamont and Théorie générale de la valeur, et ses applications en esthétique et en économie politique, by Maxime Glansdorff.]

“Structure and Operation of the Economic Order.” University of Arizona Bulletin 27 (April-- The Kennecott Lecture Series): 31-67. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1956.

“Intelligience and Social Policy.” Ethics 67 (April 1957): 155-68.

“Authority and the Free Society.” In NOMOS I: Authority, edited by Carl J. Friedrich, 67-77. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1958.

“Wages and Labor Union Action in the Light of Economic Analysis.” In The Public Stake in Union Power, edited by Philip D. Bradley, 21-45. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1959.

Intelligence and Democratic Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1960.

“Political Responsibility in a Democracy.” In NOMOS III: Responsibility, edited by Carl J. Friedrich, 171-88. New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1960.

“Social Economic Policy.” Canadian Journal of Economics & Political Science 26 (February 1960): 19-34.

“Methodology in Economics.” Southern Economic Journal 27 (January and April 1961): 185-93, 273-82.

“Philosophy and Social Institutions in the West.” In Philosophy and Culture: East and West, edited by Charles A. Moore, 549-68. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press, 1962.

“Some Notes on Political Freedom and on a Famous Essay.” In NOMOS IV: Liberty, edited by Carl J. Friedrich, 110-18. New York: Atherton Press, 1962.

“On the Meaning of Justice.” In NOMOS VI: Justice, edited by Carl J. Friedrich, 1-23. New York: Atherton Press, 1963.

“Philosophy and History.” Journal of the History of Ideas 25 (October-December 1964): 587-98. [Review article on Philosophy and History: A Symposium, edited by Sidney Hook.]

“Understanding Society through Economics.” American Behavioral Scientist 9 (September 1965): 37-39.

“Liberale Bewegungen in Sozialistischen Ländern.” Ordo: Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft 17 (1966): 13-26.

“A Note on the Invisible Hand.” Farmand 2 (12, 1966): 133-37.

“Abstract Economics as Absolute Ethics.” Ethics 76 (April 1966): 163-77. [Review article on The Foundations of Morality, by Henry Hazlitt.]

“Laissez Faire: Pro and Con.” Journal of Political Economy 75 (December 1967): 782-95.

“The Economic Principles of the New Deal.” In The Thirties: A Reconsideration in the Light of the American Political Tradition, edited by Morton J. Frisch and Martin Diamond, 84-99. De Kalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1968.

“Economic History.” In Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Studies of Selected Pivotal Ideas, vol. 2, 1973.

“The Case for Communism: From the Standpoint of an Ex-liberal.” In Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology, edited by Warren J. Samuels, archival supplement 2 (1991): 57-108.


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