Erik M. Altmann

February, 2014

Psychology Building
316 Physics Rd, Rm 298A
East Lansing, MI 48824
517-353-4406, ema@msu.edu

Employment and education

Professor, Department of Psychology, Michigan State University
Assistant/Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Michigan State University (2000-2013)
Post-doctoral fellow, Department of Psychology, George Mason University (1996-2000)
        Supervisor: Wayne D. Gray
Ph.D., School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University (1987-1996)
        Supervisors: Bonnie E. John, Allen Newell
        Dissertation: Episodic memory for external information
B.Sc., Department of Computing Science, University of Alberta (1983-1987)

Research interests

Task switching and task interruption
Memory, attention, and cognitive control
Formal and simulation models of cognitive processes

Grants

Altmann, E. M. & Hambrick, D. Z.  Procedural error and task interruption.  Office of Naval Research, 1/1/13 to 12/31/15, $301,829.

Altmann, E. M.  Managing the disruptiveness of interruptions. Office of Naval Research,

10/1/02 to 9/30/05, $311,583;

10/1/05 to 9/30/08, $280,122;

1/1/09 to 12/31/11 (extended to 10/31/12), $304,764.

Journal articles

Hambrick, D. Z., Oswald, F. L., Altmann, E. M., Meinz, E. J., Gobet, F., & Campitelli, G. (in press).  Deliberate practice: Is that all it takes to become an expert?  Intelligence.  (Lead article for special issue: Acquiring expertise)  Online-first PDF  Reply to Ericsson

Altmann, E. M., Trafton, J. G., & Hambrick, D. Z. (2014).  Momentary interruptions can derail the train of thought.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 215-226.  PDF

Media: State News, Michigan Radio News, WILS 1320 Lansing (audio), The Telegraph, Irish Times, Men’s Health, Women’s Health, ABCNews.com, CBSNews.com, Salon, The Atlantic, womenshealth.gov, Psychology Today, Futurity.org (reddit front page, 1/14/13), LiveScience, Wall Street Journal, KCBS 740 San Francisco (audio), Fox Business News

Altmann, E. M. (2013). Fine-grain episodic memory processes in cognitive control. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 221, 23-32.  (Special issue: task switching)  PDF

Schroder, H. S., Moran, T. P., Moser, J. S., & Altmann, E. M. (2012).  When the rules are reversed: Action-monitoring consequences of reversing stimulus-response mappings.  Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 12, 629-643. PDF

Altmann, E. M. & Schunn, C. D. (2012).  Decay versus interference: A new look at an old interaction.  Psychological Science, 23, 1435-1437.  PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2011). Testing probability matching and episodic retrieval accounts of response repetition effects in task switching.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37, 935-951.  PDF

Trafton, J. G., Altmann, E. M., & Ratwani, R. M. (2011). A memory for goals model of sequence errors.  Cognitive Systems Research, 12, 134-143.  PDF

Patsenko, E. G. & Altmann, E. M. (2010). How planful is routine behavior?  A selective-attention model of performance in the Tower of Hanoi.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 139, 95-116.  PDF and model

Altmann, E. M. & Gray, W. D. (2008).  An integrated model of cognitive control in task switching. Psychological Review, 115, 602-639.  PDF

Altmann, E. M. & Trafton, J. G. (2007). Timecourse of recovery from task interruption: Data and a model. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 1079-1084. PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2007b). Cue-independent task-specific representations in task switching: Evidence from backward inhibition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33, 892-899.  PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2007a). Comparing switch costs: Alternating runs and explicit cuing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33, 475-483. PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2006). Task switching is not cue switching. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13, 1016-1022. PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2005). Repetition priming in task switching: Do the benefits dissipate? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 12, 535-540. PDF

Altmann, E. M. & Burns, B. D. (2005). Streak biases in decision making: Data and a memory model. Cognitive Systems Research, 6, 5-16. PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2004b). The preparation effect in task switching: Carryover of SOA. Memory & Cognition, 32, 153-163. PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2004a). Advance preparation in task switching: What work is being done? Psychological Science, 15, 616-622. PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2003). Reconstructing the serial order of events: A case study of September 11, 2001. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 17, 1067-1080. PDF

Arrington, C. M., Altmann, E. M., & Carr T. H. (2003). Tasks of a feather flock together: Similarity effects in task switching. Memory & Cognition, 31. 781-789. PDF

Trafton, J. G., Altmann, E. M., Brock, D. P., & Mintz, F. E. (2003). Preparing to resume an interrupted task: Effects of prospective goal encoding and retrospective rehearsal. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 58, 583-603. PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2002). Functional decay of memory for tasks. Psychological Research, 66, 287-297. PDF

Altmann, E. M. & Trafton, J. G. (2002). Memory for goals: An activation-based model. Cognitive Science, 26, 39-83. PDF and model

Altmann, E. M. & Gray, W. D. (2002). Forgetting to remember: The functional relationship of decay and interference. Psychological Science, 13, 27-33. PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2001). Near-term memory in programming: A simulation-based analysis. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 54, 189-210. PDF

Altmann, E. M. & John, B.E. (1999). Episodic indexing: A model of memory for attention events. Cognitive Science, 23, 117-156. PDF 

Other publications

Hambrick, D. Z., Altmann, E. M., Oswald, F. L., Meinz, E. J., Gobet, F., & Campitelli, G. (in press).  Accounting for expert performance: The devil is in the details.  Intelligence.  (Special issue: Acquiring expertise; reply to Ericsson)  PDF

Altmann, E. M. (in press). The extended runs procedure and restart cost. In J. Grange and G. Houghton (Eds.), Task switching and cognitive control.  New York: Oxford.  PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2009). Evidence for temporal decay in short-term episodic memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13, 279-279.  PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2007). Control signals and goal-directed behavior. In W.  Gray (Ed.), Integrated models of cognitive systems (pp. 380-387). New York: Oxford.

Altmann, E. M. & Trafton, J. G. (August, 2004). Task interruption: Resumption lag and the role of cues. Proceedings of the 26th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society.  PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2003). Task switching and the pied homunculus: Where are we being led? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7, 340-341.  PDF

Altmann, E. M. (2003). Think globally, ask functionally. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 26, 602-603. (Commentary.)  PDF of target article.

Altmann, E. M. & Davidson, D. J. (August, 2001). An integrative approach to Stroop: Combining a language model and a unified cognitive theory. Proceedings of the 23rd annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 21-26). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. PDF and model

Altmann, E. M., Cleeremans, A, Schunn, C. D., & Gray, W. D. (Eds.) (2001). Proceedings of the 2001 fourth international conference on cognitive modeling. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Altmann, E. M. (August, 2000). Memory in chains: Modeling primacy and recency effects in memory for order. Proceedings of the 22nd annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 31-36). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. PDF

Altmann, E. M. (March, 2000). Memory in chains: A dual-code associative model of positional uncertainty. In N. Taatgen & J. Aasman (eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on cognitive modeling (pp. 9-16). Veenendaal, The Netherlands: Universal Press.

Altmann, E. M. & Gray, W. D. (March, 2000). An integrated model of serial attention. In N. Taatgen & J. Aasman (eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on cognitive modeling (pp. 17-24). Veenendaal, The Netherlands: Universal Press. PDF

Gray, W. D. & Altmann, E.M (2000). Cognitive modeling in human-computer interaction. In W. Karwowski (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors.

Presentations and posters

Panelist, How people learn: A cognitive science perspective – A workshop for graduate students, post-docs, and faculty. (April, 2013). Center for Academic and Future Faculty Excellence, Michigan State University.

Moran, T. P, Moser, J. S., & Altmann, E. M. (November, 2012). Electrophysiological evidence for increased response repetition. Poster, 53rd annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Panelist, How people learn: A cognitive science perspective – A workshop for graduate students, post-docs, and faculty. (April, 2012). Center for Academic and Future Faculty Excellence, Michigan State University.

Patsenko, E. G. & Altmann, E. M. (November, 2009). Forced choice error correction with ambiguous error feedback. Poster, 50th annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Altmann, E. M. & Patsenko, E. G. (November, 2008). Is problem solving goal-directed? A selective attention model of performance in the Tower of Hanoi. Paper, 49th annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Chicago, IL.

Altmann, E. M. (July, 2008). Short-term decay of production values for cognitive control. Paper, 14th annual ACTR workshop, Pittsburgh, PA.

Pierce, G. L. & Altmann, E. M. (November, 2007). Recovery from visual disruptions in reading and scene viewing: Evidence from saccade hazard rates. Poster, OPAM (Object Perception, Attention, and Memory).

Altmann, E. M. & Trafton, J. G. (July, 2006). Modeling the timecourse of recovery from task interruption. Paper, 13th annual ACT-R workshop, Pittsburgh, PA.

Altmann, E. M. (November, 2005). Switch cost confusion: Validity problems in task switching research. Paper, 46th annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Toronto, Canada.

Altmann, E. M. (March, 2005). Detecting goals in memory. Invited paper, Integrated Modeling of Cognitive Systems (AFOSR workshop), Saratoga Springs, NY.

Altmann, E. M. & Trafton, J. G. (May, 2004). Task interruption: The cues we use to recover. Hot topic paper, Annual APS Convention, Chicago, IL.

Altmann, E. M. (January, 2004). Beyond switch cost: Modeling memory processes in task switching. Psychology colloquium, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Altmann, E. M. (November, 2003). Switch cost: Much ado about (almost) nothing. Paper, 44th annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Vancouver, Canada.

Altmann, E. M. (August, 2003). Beyond switch cost as a measure of cognitive control: A plug for simulation. Publication-based paper, Twenty-fifth annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Boston, MA.

Altmann, E. M. (May, 2003). Switch cost: A failed measure of executive control. Invited paper, Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

Altmann, E. M. & Trafton, J. G. (May, 2002). Cognitive consequences of interruption in dynamic environments. ONR Workshop on Attention, Perception and Data Visualization. Washington, DC.

Altmann, E. M. (September, 2001). Functional decay in working memory: Subtle effects of a pervasive process. Invited paper, Workshop on Computational Models of Memory, University of Amsterdam (EPOS), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Altmann, E. M. (July, 2001). The subatomic components of thought. Invited paper, ACT-R post-graduate summer school, Berkeley Springs, WV.

Altmann, E. M. (May, 2001). A signal detection model of executive control. Invited paper, Colloquium on Control of Cognitive Processes, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Peterson, M. J. & Altmann, E. M. (August, 2000). Effects of presentation format on memory for order. Proceedings of the 22nd annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society (poster pp. 847-852). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Altmann, E. M. & Gray, W. D. (August, 2000). Managing attention by preparing to forget. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 44th annual meeting.

Altmann, E. M. (January, 2000). Functional decay: How forgetting sustains performance. Psychology colloquia, Georgia Institute of Technology (Jan. 10), The Pennsylvania State University (Jan. 14), George Mason University (Jan.17), and Michigan State University (Jan. 24).

Altmann, E. M. (September, 1999). Applied cognitive architectures. Army-Navy Applied Cognitive Architectures Workshop, Washington, DC.

Altmann, E. M. & Gray, W. D. (June, 1999). Managing attention by preparing to forget. Workshop on Critical Event Systems: Attention management, interruptions, and alerts. Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC.

Altmann, E. M. (April, 1998). Mechanisms and implications of pervasive episodic memory. Keynote paper, Second European conference on cognitive modeling. Nottingham, UK.

Teaching

Introduction to Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Basic Cognitive Processes (graduate)

Professional service

Associate Editor, Memory & Cognition (2009- present)

Consulting Editor, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General (2007-present)

Consulting Editor, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition (2004-present)

Consulting Editor, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review (2007-present)

Chair, Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience program, Department of Psychology, Michigan State University (2005-present)

NSF panelist, IGERT (1 instance), PAC (3 instances), and SciSIP (1 instance)

Program Committee member, 36th (2014, Quebec), 35th (2013, Berlin), 34th (2012, Sapporo), 33rd (2011, Boston), 32nd (2010, Portland, OR), 31st (2009, Amsterdam), 30th (2008, Washington, DC), 29th (2007, Nashville), 28th (2006, Vancouver), 27th (2005, Stresa, Italy), 26th (2004, Chicago), 25th (2003, Boston), and 24th (2002, Fairfax, VA) annual meetings of the Cognitive Science Society

Program Committee member, 11th (2012, Berlin), 10th (2010, Philadelphia), 9th (2009, Manchester, UK), 8th (2007, Ann Arbor), and 7th (2006, Trieste, Italy) instances of the International Conference on Cognitive Modeling

Ad hoc reviewer for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, Acta Psychologica, American Journal of Psychology, Applied Cognitive Psychology, Behavior Research Methods, Behavioural Brain Research, Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Cerebral Cortex, Cognition, Cognitive Science, Cognitive Psychology, Experimental Brain Research, Experimental Psychology, European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, Human Factors, IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics (Part A), Information Systems Research, International Journal of Human Computer Studies, International Journal of Psychology, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Journal of the Learning Sciences, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, Human Factors, Kognitionswissenschaft, NeuroImage, Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Psychological Research, Psychological Review, Psychological Science, Psychology and Aging, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Topics in Cognitive Science, User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction, Visual Cognition, and Zeitschrift für Psychologie