Suffix

Meaning

Example

able, ible

able, capable

capable, agreeable, edible, visible

ade

result of action

blockade

age

act of, state of, result of

storage, wreckage, damage

al

relating to

gradual, manual, natural

algia

pain

neuralgia, nostalgia, myalgia

an, ian

native of, relating to

African, riparian,

ance, ancy

action, process, state

assistance, allowance, defiance

ary, ery, ory

relating to, quality, place where

aviary, bravery, dormitory

cian

possessing a specific skill or art

magician, physician,

cy

action, function

hesitancy, prophecy, normalcy

cule, ling

very small

molecule, ridicule, animalcule, duckling, sapling

dom

quality, realm

freedom, kingdom, wisdom

ee

one who receives the action

refugee, nominee, lessee

en

made of, to make

silken, frozen, wooden

ence, ency

action, state of, quality

difference, confidence, urgency, agency

er, or

one who, that which

baker, miller, professor

escent

in the process of

adolescent, senescence, putrescence

ese

a native of, the language of

Javanese, Japanese, Balinese

esis, osis

action, process, condition

genesis, hypnosis, neurosis, osmosis

ess

female

goddess, lioness, actress

et, ette

small one, group

midget, baronet, sextet, lorgnette

fic

making, causing

scientific, specific

ful

full of

frightful, careful, helpful

fy

make

beautify, fortify, simplify

hood

order, condition, quality

manhood, adulthood

ic

nature of, like

metallic, acidic, bucolic, simplistic

ice

condition, state, quality

justice, malice

id, ide

a thing connected with or belonging to

fluid, fluoride, bromide

ile

relating to, suited for, capable of

juvenile, senile, purile, missile

ine

nature of

feminine, genuine, medicine

ion, sion, tion

act, result, or state of

cancellation, contagion, infection, crenellation

ish

origin, nature, resembling

foolish, Irish, clownish, impish

ism

system, manner, condition, characteristic

alcoholism, communism, capitalism,

ist

one who, that which

artist, dentist, flautist

ite

nature of, quality of, mineral product

prelate, Mennonite, dynamite, graphite, Israelite

ity, ty

state of, quality

celebrity, captivity, clarity, poverty

ive

causing, making

abusive, exhaustive, abortive

ize, ise

make

emphasize, exercise, bowdlerize, bastardize, idolize, fanaticize

logy

study, science, theory

biology, anthropology, geology, neurology

ly

like, manner of

carelessly, fearlessly, hopelessly

ment

act of, state or, result

containment, contentment, amendment

ness

state of

carelessness, restlessness

nomy

law

autonomy, economy, taxonomy

oid

resembling

asteroid, spheroid, rhomboid, anthropoid

ous

full of, having

gracious, nervous, pompous,

ship

state of, office, quality

assistantship, friendship, authorship

some

like, apt, tending to

lonesome, lissome, threesome, gruesome

tude

state of, condition of

gratitude, aptitude, multitude

ure

state of, act, process, rank

culture, literature, rupture, rapture

ward

in the direction of

eastward, downward, backward

y

inclined to, tend to

cheery, crafty, faulty


Copyright Jessica DeForest, 2000. All rights reserved