Welcome to an activity of the
parTrans Project.

parTrans is a project of the Language Development & Disorders Lab of the Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders at Michigan State University.  It is an evolving computerized database of language sample transcripts collected from children of different age/developmental levels, and from children with different classifications of various developmental disabilities (e.g., Normally Developing, Specific Language Impairment, Intellectual Disability, etc.).  For this activity students are to practice doing various aspects of a language sample analysis.  Please proceed and follow the directions.
 
Calculate the MLU in morphemes, and interpret the semantic relations/thematic units expressed in the following illustrative language samples.

 

Sample I
Sample III

 
 
 












 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Sample I
1.  There doggy. Answer

2.  He big. Answer

3.  Big dog. Answer

4.  Your dog. Answer

5.  Your dog big. Answer

6.  See that? Answer

7.  That mine. Answer

8.  Glass fall. Answer

9.  It broke? Answer

10.  Me fix it. Answer

Return to Beginning
 
 
 










 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Answers for Sample I
1.  There doggy. (2)    ((Notice)/Location, Entity)
Back to Sample I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



 




 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

2.  He big. (2)    (Person, Attribute)
Back to Sample I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 






 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

3.  Big dog. (2)   (Attribute, Entity)
Back to Sample I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 





 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

4.  Your dog. (2)    (Possession)  (Possessor, Possession)
Back to Sample I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 







 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 

5.  Your dog big. (3)    (Possessor, Possession, Attribute)
Back to Sample I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 





 
 
 
 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 

6.  See that? (2)    ((Agent) Action, Entity)
Back to Sample I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 






 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

7.  That mine. (2)   (Possession)
Back to Sample I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 





 
 



 
 
 
 
 


 
 

8. Glass fall. (2)    (Instrument, Action)
Back to Sample I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 







 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 

9. It broke. (2)    (Entity, State/Attribute)
Back to Sample I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 







 
 

10. Me fix it. (3)    (Agent, Action, Object)
Back to Sample I

MLU = 22 morphemes/10 utterances = 2.2 morphemes per utterance

Return to Beginning
 
 


 
 
 
 
 







 
 


 
 
 
 

Sample II
1.  The man is going to fall. Answer

2.  He is tripping on the stick. Answer

3.  He could get hurt a little. Answer

4.  I don't know. Answer

5.  We went to the mall. Answer

6.  I got some new shoes. Answer

7.  My mom helped me. Answer

8.  Yeah, I like to do stuff like that. Answer

9.  But not all the time. Answer

10.  I do. Answer

Return to Beginning
 
 
 




 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 



 

Answers for Sample II
1.  The man is go/ing to fall. (7)    (Agent, Action)
Back to Sample II
 
 
 
 
 






 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 

2.  He is tripp/ing on the stick. (7)    (Agent, Action, Entity/Instrument)
Back to Sample II
 
 
 
 
 
 







 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 

3.  He could get hurt a little. (6)    (Experiencer, State, Attribute)
 Back to Sample II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 






 
 


 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

4.  I do/n't know.  (4)    (Experiencer, Negation/Non-Existence, State)
Back to Sample II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 







 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

5.  We went to the mall.  (5)    (Agent, Action, Location)
Back to Sample II
 
 
 
 
 
 






 


 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

6.  I got some new shoe/s. (6)   (Agent, Action, Attribute, Entity)
Back to Sample II
 
 
 
 
 
 







 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

7.  My mom help/ed me.  (5)    (Possession, Agent, Action, Person/Experiencer)
Back to Sample II
 
 
 
 
 
 





 
 
 
 



 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

8.  Yeah, I like to do stuff like that. (8)    (Experiencer, State, Action, Object, Nomination)
 Back to Sample II
 
 


 
 
 
 
 




 
 
 
 
 



 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 

9.  But not all the time. (5)    (Negation, Attribute)
Back to Sample II
 
 
 
 


 
 




 
 
 
 
 
 



 


 
 
 
 
 

10.  I do. (2)    (Agent, Action)
Back to Sample II

MLU = 55 morphemes/10 utterances = 5.5 morphemes per utterance
 
 
 


 




 
 
 



 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 

SAMPLE III

1.  Put my name up there.  Answer

2.  Maybe dinosaurs.  Answer

3.  How about we go outside?  Answer

4.  You like that song?  Answer

5.  I do.  Answer

6.  I like apples.  Answer

7.  I don’t.  Answer

8.  Do you like that song?  Answer

9.  Do you like hotdogs?  Answer

10.  You got white socks.  Answer

11.  It’s a girl.  Answer

12.  Alligator’s gonna eat us.  Answer

13.  You can’t get me.  Answer

14.  I like chomp, chomp, chomp.  Answer

15.  I need some xxx.  Answer

16.  I need to wash my hands.  Answer

17.  On my tray.  Answer

18.  Can I play?  Answer

19. You need to throw it.  Answer

20.  He wants to push me.  Answer

Return to Beginning
 
 
 
 










 
 

1.  Put my name up there. (5)  ((Agent) Action, Possessor, Possession, Location)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 
 
 








 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2.  Maybe dinosaur/s.  (3)  (Entity)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 





 




 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

3.  How about we go outside?  (5)  (Agent, Action, Location)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 





 




 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

4.  You like that song?  (4)  (Experiencer/Person, State, Entity)
    Back to Sample III
 




 



 
 
 


 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

5.  I do.  (2)  (Experiencer, (State))
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 


 






 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

6.  I like apple/s.  (4)  (Experiencer, State, Entity)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 
 






 


 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

7.  I do/n’t.  (3)  (Experiencer, Negation/Denial (State))
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 




 
 
 


 



 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

8.  Do you like that song?  (5)  (Experiencer, State, Entity)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 




 
 
 



 


 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

9.  Do you like hotdog/s?  (5)  (Experiencer, State, Entity)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 




 
 
 



 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

10.  You got white sock/s.  (5)  (Person/Possessor, State, Attribute, Entity/Possession)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 
 




 
 



 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

11.  It/’s a girl.  (4)  (Person, Attribute (Notice/Nomination)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 
 
 






 
 


 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

12.  Alligator/’s gonna eat us.  (5)  (Agent, Action, Experiencer/Person)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 



 
 
 




 


 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

13.  You ca/n’t get me.  (5)  (Agent, Action, Person/Experiencer, Negation/Denial)
    Back to Sample III
 
 




 
 
 




 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

14.  I like chomp, (chomp, chomp).  (3)  (Experiencer, State, Action)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 





 
 
 




 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

15.  I need some xxx.  (?)  (Experiencer, State, Attribute, (xxx))
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




 



 
 
 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

16.  I need to wash my hand/s.  (7)  (Experiencer/Agent, State/Action, Possessor, Possession/Object)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 
 
 







 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

17.  On my tray.  (3)  (Location, Possessor, Possession)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 



 
 




 
 
 
 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

18.  Can I play?  (3)  (Agent, Action)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 



 
 




 
 
 
 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

19. You need to throw it.  (5)  (Experiencer/Agent, State/Action, Object)
    Back to Sample III
 
 
 
 
 






 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

20.  He want/s to push me.  (6)  (Agent/Experiencer, State, Action, Person/Experiencer)
    Back to Sample III
 

 MLU = 82 morphemes/19 utterances = 4.3
 

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