Publications

Peer Reviewed Publications

  • de la Fuente, J; Tachibana, D; Leemon, K; Liu, C; Twomey, C; Roy, S; Bix, L and Bisheff, S. (Accepted). "Measuring the effect of affordances on packaging used for combination products in crash carts." Packaging Technology and Science.
  • DeHenau, Carly; Becker, Mark; Bello, Nora; Liu, Sichang and Bix, Laura (Accepted). "Tallman lettering as a strategy for differentiation in look-alike, sound-alike drug names: The role of familiarity in differentiating drug doppelgangers." Journal of Applied Ergonomics.
  • Leitkam, Sam; Bix, Laura; de la Fuente, Javier and Bush, Tamara. (April, 2015). "Mapping kinematic functional abilities of the hand to three dimensional shapes for inclusive design." Journal of Biomechanics. pii:S0021-9290(15)00245-6. DOI10.1016/j.jbiomch.2015.04.025 Available online
  • Trier, Tony; Bello, Nora; Bush, Tamara and Bix, Laura (2014). "The role of packaging size on contamination rates during simulated presentation to a sterile field." Public Library of Science One (PLoS One). 9(7)1-5. Available online
  • de la Fuente, Javier; Gustafson, Stephanie and Bix, Laura (2014). "An affordance based methodology for package design." Packaging Technology and Science. 28(2)157-171. DOI 10.1002/pts.2087. Available online
  • Albert,SM; Bix, L; Bridgeman, M; Cartensen, L; Dyer-Chamberlain, M; Neafsey, P and Wolf, M. (2014). "Promoting safe and effective use of OTC medications among older adults: Summary and recommendations from the CHPA-FSA national summit on over-the-counter medication behaviors of older adults." The Gerontologist. 54(6)/909-918. DOI 10.1093/geront/gnu034. Available online
  • Leitkam, Sam; Bush, Tamara and Bix, Laura (February 2014). "Determining functional finger capabilities of healthy adults: Comparing experimental data to a biomechanical model." The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 136(2). DOI: 10.1115/1.4026255.
  • Kassarjian, Ondrea; Bix, Laura; Linz, John; Bello, Nora and Burgess, Gary. (2013). "Examining the effect of secondary packaging on microbial penetration into sterile trays used to package medical devices" Journal of Applied Packaging Research 6(1). Article 1. Available online
  • Bush, Tamara; Bix, Laura; Bello, Nora and Fair Joseph. (2013). "Differences in the kinematics of restrained and unrestrained conditions of opening for two sizes of glass jar." Packaging Technology and Science 26(2). 105-113. DOI:10.1002/pts.1965.
  • Gawasane, Abhishek, Bix, Laura; de la Fuente,Javier; Sundar, Raghav; Smith, TJ. (November, 2012). "Consumer Attention to an over-the-counter warning in four different styles of design." Packaging Technology and Science 25(7). 385-396. DOI:10.1002/pts.979.
  • Bix, Laura; Seo, Wontae and Sundar, Raghav. (June 18, 2012). "The effect of colour contrast on consumers' attentive behaviours and perception of fresh produce." Packaging Technology and Science. 26(2).96-104 DOI 10.1002/pts.1972. Available online
  • Sundar, Raghav; Becker, Mark; Bello, Nora and Bix, Laura. (June, 14, 2012). "Quantifying age-related differences in information processing behaviors when viewing prescription drug labels." PLoS One. 7(6):e38819.DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038819. Available online
  • Reid-Bush, Tamara; Bix, Laura; Bello, Nora; and Fair, Joseph. (March 29, 2012). "Differences in the Kinematics of Restrained and Unrestrained Conditions of Opening for Two Sizes of Glass Jars."Packaging Technology and Science. DOI: 10.1002/pts.1965.
  • Bix, Laura; Kosugi, Wataru; Bello, Nora; Sundar, Raghav and Becker, Mark. (November 2010). "The use of change detection as a method of objectively evaluating labels." Packaging Technology and Science. 23(7). Pp. 393-401.
  • Yoxall, A; Langley, J; Jason, R; Lewis, R; Wearn, S; Hayes, A and Bix, L. (January-February, 2010). "How wide do you want the jar"? Packaging Technology and Science. 23(1).11-18.
  • Bix, Laura; de la Fuente, Javier; Pimple, Kenneth and Kou, Eric. (July, 2009). “Is the test of senior friendly/child resistant packaging ethical”? Health Expectations.12(4).430-437.(DOI:10.1111/j.1369-7525.2009.00534.x) Available online
  • Bix, Laura; Bello, Nora; Auras, Rafael; Ranger, Jon and Lapinski, Maria. (April 21, 2009). “Investigating Two Required Warnings on Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers: Do They Work”? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.106(16)Pp6550-6555.Available online
  • Lindstrom-Hazel, Debra; Kratt, Andrew and Bix, Laura (Accepted). “Inter-Rater Reliability of Occupational Therapy Students Using the Jamar Hand Dynamometer and B&L Engineering Pinch Gauge.” American Journal of Occupational Therapy.
  • Auras, Rafael and Bix, Laura. (May/June, 2007). “WAKE UP! Using a Student Response System in Packaging Classes.” Packaging Technology and Science. 20(3).Pp. 183-195. DOI: 10.1002/pts.753.
  • Severin, Jane; Bix, Laura; Linz, John; Gilliland, Dennis and Lockhart, Hugh. (January, 2007). A New Methodology for Whole-Package Microbial Challenge Testing for Medical Device Trays. Journal of Testing and Evaluation. 35(4). Pp. 373- 380.
  • Bix, Laura; Kassarjian, Ondrea; Cardoso, Fernando and Lockhart, Hugh. (November/December, 2005). Using Scanning Electron, Confocal and Optical Microscopy to Measure Microscope Holes in Trays. Packaging Technology and Science.18(6). Pp.311-320.
  • Sujit, Sansgiry; Bix, Laura; Clarke, Robb and Pawaskar, Manjiri. (April-June, 2005). Drug Information Obscured on OTC Medication Labels by External Tags. Drug Information Journal. 39(2). Pp159-170.
  • Bix, Laura; Sansgiry, Sujit; Clarke, Robert; Cardoso, Fernando and Shringarpure, Gauri. (January/February, 2004). Retailer Tagging Practices: A Potential Liability? Packaging Technology and Science. 17(1). Pp.3-11.
  • Bix, Laura; Lockhart, Hugh; Selke, Susan; Cardoso, Fernando and Olejnik, Michele. (September/October, 2003). Is xheight a Better Indicator of Legibility than Type Size for Drug Labels? Packaging Technology and Science. 16(5).Pp.199-207.
  • Bix, Laura; Lockhart, Hugh; Cardoso, Fernando and Selke, Susan. (Spring 2003). The Effect of Color Contrast on Message Legibility. The Journal of Design Communication. http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JDC/Spring- 2003/colorcontrast.html The scholarly communications project. Virginia Tech.
  • Bix, Laura; Lockhart, Hugh; Cardoso, Fernando and Selke, Susan. (2003) Testing FDA’s mandate for over-the-counter medication labels. The Journal of Pharmaceutical Marketing and Management 15(4). Pp.17-36.
  • Bix, Laura. (Spring, 2002). The elements of text and message design and their impact on message legibility: A literature review. The Journal of Design Communication. http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JDC/ The scholarly communications project. Virginia Tech.

Conference Presentations

  • de la Fuente, J; Tachibana, D; Leemon, K; Roy, S; Liu, C; Twomey, C; Bix, L and Bisheff, S. (June 2015). "Measuring the effect of affordances on medical device packaging." 2015 Annual Symposium of the International Association of Packaging Research Insitutes (IAPRI). Valencia, Spain.
  • Bush, Tamara; Leitkam, Sam; de la Fuente, Javier and Bix, Laura (July 8, 2014). "Functional modeling of the hand and its use in device design." Invited podium talk (with abstract) at the 7th World Congress of Biomechanics. Boston, MA.
  • Bix, Laura. (September 17, 2013). "Quantifying the interface between people and packaging." Invited podium talk Medical Device Packaging Seminar. International Packaging Insitute (IPI). Zurich, Switzerland.
  • Bix, Laura (June 29, 2013). "quantifying the intrface between people and packaging." Invited podium talk- SIES School of Packaging. Mumbai, India.
  • Bix, Laura (June 28, 2013). "Drug labeling: an overview of US legislation and regulation." Invited podium talk- InnoPack Pharma Conference. Mumbai, India.
  • Bix, Laura (June 27, 2013). "Emergning tools to quantify behavior and ability in patients." Invited podium talk- InnoPack Pharma Conference. Mumbai, India.
  • Bix, Laura; Sundar, Raghav; Lee, Jiyon; Becker, Mark and Bello, Nora. (May 11, 2013). "Attention: Drug WARNING." Invited podium talk- Ambalaj 2013. Izmir, Turkey.
  • Bix, Laura. (May 9, 2013). "Quantifying the interactions between people and packaging" Invited podium talk- Ambalaj 2013. Izmir, Turkey.
  • Bix, Laura. (March 5, 2013). "Emerging tools to quantify the behavior and ability in patients." Invited podium talk- 2nd World Seminar on Accessible and Inclusive Design. Verpakkingscentrum, Netherlands.
  • Smith, MaryKay and Bix, Laura. (January 30, 2013). "Thinking outside of the box: Improving patient safety." International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, The Society of Simulation in Healthcare. Orlando, FL.
  • de la Fuente, Javier and Bix, Laura (March 23, 2010). "User-pack interaction: Insights for designing inclusive child-resistant packaging." The 5th Cambridge Workshop on Universal Access and Assistive Technology (CWUAAT): Designing Inclusive Interactions: Inclusive interactions between people and products in their contexts of use. Fitzwilliam College, Department of Engineering. University of Cambridge. March 22-25, 2010.
  • Bix, Laura; Bello, Nora; Gou, Andrea and Lively, Debra. (November 12, 2009). "Understanding the physical interface between children and packaging." Consumer culture and the ethical treatment of children. East Lansing, MI
  • VandenBergh, Bruce; Rifon, Nora; Quilliam, Elizabeth and Bix, Laura. (November 12, 2009). "Food packaging tactics that target children: The good, the bad and the SpongeBob." Consumer culture and the ethical treatment of children. East Lansing, MI.
  • Sundar, Raghav; Bix, Laura; Bello, Nora and Viraporn, Voramanus. (May 19, 2009). "The effect of color contrast on the noticeability and legibility of prescription warning labels (PWLs). Annual Symposium for Members of the International Association of Packaging Research Insitutions (IAPRI). May 17-20, 2009. Greenville, SC.
  • Kassarjian, Ondrea; Bix, Laura; Linz, John and Burgess, Gary. (May 18, 2009). "The effect of pressure differential and secondary packaging on the microbial penetration of a sterile medical device tray." Annual Symposium for Member of the International Association of Packaging Research Insitutions (IAPRI). May 17-20, 2009. Greenville, SC.
  • Fair, Joseph ; Reid-Bush, T. and Bix, L. (August 8, 2008). “Biomechanical analysis of opening for glass jars.” North American Congress on Biomechanics (NACOB). August 5-9, 2008. Ann Arbor, MI.
  • Fair, Joseph ; Bix, Laura and Reid-Bush, Tamara. (April 14, 2008). “Biomechanical Analysis of Opening Glass Jars: Using Kinematics to Inform Design for Improved Accessibility.” The 4th Cambridge University Workshop on Universal Access and Assistive Technology: Designing Inclusive Futures: Achieving a Better Balance of Work, Living and Leisure for Disability and Ageing.” Fitzwilliam College, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge. April 14-16, 2008.
  • Bix, Laura; Cardoso, Fernando; de la Fuente, Javier; Steckler, Chris and Luebke, Levi. (September 4, 2007). “Comparative Study of Two Methods to Quantify the Surface Area of Touch Between Consumers and Packaging.” The 23rd Symposium of the International Association of Packaging Research Institutes (IAPRI). Windsor, UK. September 3-5, 2007.
  • Bix, Laura and Lockhart, Hugh. (July 9, 2007). “Added Product Complexities Demand Thoughtful Packaging: An Examination of What Packaging can and must do for Medical Products.” 34th Annual Meeting and Exposition of the Controlled Release Society. Long Beach, CA. July 6-11, 2007.
  • Auras, Rafael and Bix, Laura. (October 5, 2006). “Broader implications of using new technologies in packaging classes: How inclusive is your classroom”? The 15th World Conference on Packaging of the International Association of Packaging Research Institutes (IAPRI). Tokyo, Japan. October 2-5, 2006.
  • de la Fuente, Javier and Bix, Laura (October 4, 2006). “A universal design process for developing child resistant packaging.” The 15th World Conference on Packaging of the International Association of Packaging Research Institutes (IAPRI). Tokyo, Japan. October 2-5, 2006.
  • Kou, Eric and Bix, Laura. (October 5, 2006). “Can people with arthritis access their medications”? The 15th World Conference on Packaging of the International Association of Packaging Research Institutes (IAPRI). Tokyo, Japan. October 2-5, 2006.
  • Bix Laura and de la Fuente, Javier (September, 2006). “User-centered design: Wave of the future.” PLACE 2006 Conference of the Technical Association for the worldwide Paper Pulp and Converting Industry (TAPPI). September 17-21, 2006.
  • de la Fuente, Javier and Bix, Laura. (May, 2005). “Universal design methodology for the development of child resistant drug packages.” International Association of Packaging Research Institutes (IAPRI) Annual Conference. Cetea, Brazil. May 22-25, 2005.
  • de la Fuente, Javier and Bix, Laura. (April, 2005). “Applying universal design to child resistant packaging.” Include 2005: International conference on Inclusive Design. Royal College of Art. London, UK. April 5-8, 2005.
  • Rifon, Nora; Bix, Laura; Mastin, Theresa; Choi, Sejung Marina and Van Hurley, Vickie. (August, 2004). “Cigarette warnings and phantom smokers: Does belief in warning relate to smoking status”? Enhancing Knowledge Development in Marketing: 2004 American Marketing Association Summer Educators’ Conference. Boston, MA. August 6-9, 2004.
  • Bix, Laura; Clarke, Robert; Sansgiry, Sujit and Cardoso, Fernando. (July, 2004). “Do Tagging Practices of OTC Drugs Present a Liability”? TRAX Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Summit. Washington, DC. July 20-22, 2004.
  • Bix, Laura; Rifon, Nora; Lockhart, Hugh and de la Fuente, Javier. (January-February, 2004). “The Packaging Matrix: Linking Package Design Criteria to the Marketing Mix.” Industry IDS, Inc. Packaging 2004 Conference. http://www.idspackaging.com/indexload.asp. January 19-February 5, 2004.
  • Bix, Laura and Alvarado, Greg. (October, 2003) Applying eye tracking to packages: Do people read warnings? Proceedings of the New Technologies for Innovative Packaging Conference 2003. Leeds, UK. October 15-16, 2003.
  • Bix, Laura; Lockhart, Hugh; Selke, Susan and Cardoso Fernando. (June, 2002). Toward a performance standard for label legibility: The Lockhart Legibility Instrument. WorldPak Proceedings. WorldPak. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.
  • Sansgiry, Sujit; Shringapure, Gauri and Bix, Laura. (June, 2002). Over-the-counter medication labels: Compliance with FDA labeling guidelines. WorldPak Proceedings. WorldPak. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.
  • Bix, Laura; Goff, James and Twede, Diana. (May 14, 1999). The creation of the School of Packaging at Michigan State University. Proceedings of the 9th Conference on Historical Analysis and Research in Packaging. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Book Chapters

  • de la Fuente, Javier and Bix, Laura. (2010). "User-pack interaction: Insights for designing inclusive child-resistant packaging." Designing Inclusive Futures. Editors: Langon, P; Clarkson, J and Robinson. P. Springer-Verlag. London, UK.Pp. 89-100. DOI 10.1007/978-1-84996-166-0.
  • Bix, Laura; de la Fuente, Javier; Sundar, Raghav and Lockhart, Hugh (2009). "Packaging Design and Development." The 3rd Edition of the Wiley Encyclopedia of Packaging Technology. Editor: Yam, K. Pp. 859-866.
  • Bix, Laura and de la Fuente, Javier. (2009). "Medical Device Packaging." The 3rd Edition of the Wiley Encyclopedia of Packaging Technology. Editor: Yam, K. Pp. 713-726.
  • Fair, Joseph; Bix, Laura and Bush, Tamara Reid. (2008). "Chapter 5- Biomechanical Analysis of Opening Glass Jars. In Designing Inclusive Futures. Editors: Langdon, P; Clarkson, J and Robinson, P. Springer-Verlag. London, UK (DOI 10.1007/978--84-800-211-1).
  • Poster Presentations

    • Furgason, Doug; Bix, Laura . (April 8, 2011). "Evaluation of patient comprehension for the formats of the FDA proposed patient medication information (PMI) leaflet." University Undergraduate Research and Arts Forum (UURAF). Michigan State University.
    • Prashant Sundar, Raghav; Bix, Laura and Viraporn, Voramanus. (June 10, 2008). “The Effect of Color Combination of Text and Background on the Noticeability and Legibility of Prescription Drug Warning Labels.” 16th Annual World Conference on Packaging. International Association of Packaging Research Institutes (IAPRI).
    • Whaling, Audrey; Thornsbury, Suzanne; Bix, Laura; Gonzalez, Maria-Paz; Rifon, Nora and Twede, Diana. (December 4- 6, 2007). “The Effect of Packaging Attributes on Consumer Perception of a Product.” Great Lakes Fruit, Vegetable and Farm Market EXPO. Grand Rapids, MI.
    • Bix, Laura; de la Fuente, Javier; Cardoso, Fernando; Fair, Joe; Whaling, Audrey; Steckler, Chris. (September 3-5, 2007). “Sight, Sound and Child Resistance.” The 23rd Symposium of the International Association of Packaging Research Institutes (IAPRI). Windsor, UK.
    • Bix, Laura; Clarke, Robert; Sansgiry, Sujit. (May, 2003). Examining the amount of information covered by anti-theft tags on OTC analgesics: What drug manufacturers should know. Proceeding of the 21st IAPRI Symposium 2003. Valencia, Spain. May 18-21, 2003.