paper argues that development ethics requires new research, a deepening
of focus and a wider disciplinary scope. Its task must include engaging
directly with practices and knowledge for development produced by global
institutions, and to join forces with global justice research and social
justice activism. The paper argues for a third stage development ethics,
enriched with a methodological pragmatism, which centers on the interplay
between facts, values, concepts and practices. It views development
ethics as a hybrid between a public moral-political philosophy and a
public conception of social science. Within global institutions development
ethics may become moralizing or the artificial superimposing of ethical
analysis to pre-decided values entangled with mainstream economic science.
Thus, development ethicists must consider the interplay between values,
science and politics, including the ways in which ideas are used and
distorted by powerful development agencies.
St. Clair is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Bergen.
Her work has focused on ethical and normative problems related to poverty
and development. In particular, she has applied analytical tools from
the field of social studies of science to the interface between scientific
knowledge on poverty, politics and ethics among multilateral development
agencies. Current work relates to the problems posed by expertise and
responsibilities for the eradication of poverty; and broadly to the
tensions arising between economic neoliberal globalization and the globalization
of human rights. She is also currently secretary of the International
Development Ethics Association (IDEA).
Department of Sociology
University of Bergen
Rosenbergs gate 39
Bergen 5015, Norway
and Senior Research Fellow
Centre for Development and the Environment (SUM)
University of Oslo
Telephone: + (47) 55 58 91 84
Fax: + (47) 55 58 91 99