Reframing Our Understandings of Our Organization

Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice, and Leadership (2nd ed.).
Lee G. Bolman & Terrence E. Deal. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997.

Table 1.1. Overview of the Four-Frame Model

The 4 Frames->
Structural
Human Resource
Political
Symbolic

Metaphor for Organization

Factory or Machine Family Jungle Carnival, temple, theatre

Central Concepts

 

Rules, roles, goals, policies, technology, environment Needs, skills, relationships

Power, conflict, competition, organizational policies

Culture, meaning, metaphor, ritual, ceremony, stories, heroes

 

Image of Leadership

 

Social architecture Empowerment Advocacy Inspiration

 

Basic Leadership Challenge

 

Attune structure
to task, technology, environment

Align organizational and human needs Develop agenda and power base Create faith, beauty, meaning

Table 1.1 "...shows that each of the frames has its own image of reality. You may be drawn to one or two frames and repelled by others. Some frames may seem clear and straightforward while others seem puzzling. As you learn to apply all four, you should develop greater appreciation and deeper understanding of organizations." (p. 15)

 

Table 17.1. Reframing Leadership

The 4 Frames->
Structural
Human Resource
Political
Symbolic


Effective Leader

Leader
Analyst, architect Catalyst, servant Advocate, negotiator Prophet, poet
Leadership Process
Analysis, design Support, empowerment Advocacy, coalition building Inspiration, framing, experience


Ineffective Leader

Leader
Petty tyrant
Weakling, pushover
Con artist, thug
Fanatic, fool
Leadership Process
Management by detail and fiat Abdication Manipulation, fraud Mirage, smoke and mirrors

 

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