Prolegomena CSD 823X Augmentative and Alternative Communication Team 3: Lauren Everley and Emily Markov
AAC for Very Young Children
1. Length of Presentation 25 minutes including final quiz
2. There will be a quiz of 5 questions given out at the beginning of the presentation, with the answers given at the end. The quiz will be on a handout, with the answers written somewhere (upside down, other side, etc.)
3. Presentation should be rich in audiovisual content: e.g., video, slides, handouts. The materials can be presented in PowerPoint format with video and audio and animations, etc.
4. The presentation, including video files, can be put on a CD-ROM and distributed to fellow students.
5. While you are preparing your presentation, you are encouraged to place materials, including this Prolegomena, on the web, through our web site. This is an important part of our course, since it fosters team participation.
6. Rehearse and time your presentation. JBE will be forced to use the "HOOK" if you go over even by 1 nanosecond!
a. Define Population- very young= 0-5 years
b. Special Characteristics
i. Literacy- little reading/writing abilityc. Varying Etiologies
ii. Speech- pre-lingual
iii. Vocabulary- often limited
iii. Genetic Conditions- Down Syndrome, Williams
iv. Cerebral Palsy
v. Sensory Deficits - Visual, Hearing
II. Characteristics Affecting Device Usage
a. Motor Abilities- strength, range of motion, mobility, coordination(fine motor)
b. Cognitive Abilities- expressive/receptive language, ability to learn new things
c. Attention Span
d. Medical Needs
III. SGD (Speech Generating Devices)
a. Voice output system
b. No tech, low tech, high tech
IV. Communication Devices Available for Children
a. Picture based system
i. PECSb. Three dimensional object
i. Big mackc. Wearable communication system
i. Lingod. Gestures/ Sign
i. American Sign Language
a. Recommendations for clinical practice
Artificial Language Lab, MSU
Fallon, K.A., Light, J.C., & Kramer Paige, T. (2001). Enhancing vocabulary selection for preschoolers who require augmentative and alternative communication. American journal of speech-language pathology, 10 (1), 81-94.
Drager, K.D., Light, J.C., Speltz, J.C., Fallon, K.A., & Jeffries, L.Z. (2003). The performance of typically developing 2-year olds on dynamic display AAC technologies with different system layouts and language organizations. Journal of speech, language, and hearing research, 46 (2), 298-312.
Light, J. & Drager, K. (2005). Maximizing language development with young children who require AAC. Retrieved on January 12, 2005 from Penn Sate University Seminar presented at ASHA Convention 2005.