CSD 232 Home                                                                                             
Selected Phonological Processes

Name of Process
Definition
Example
Assimilation Processes


Regressive Assimilation
(Right-To-Left, Anticipatory)

A sound becomes more like a following sound. Some prefer to use the term anticipatory assimilation, as the sound which changes anticipates the following sound in some way. It is also called "regressive assimilation".

The English /iN/-prefix, as in "indecent", "import", "irregular", "illegal".

"tape" pronounced as "pape"
Progressive Assimilation
(Left-to-Right, Perseverative)

A sound becomes more like the preceding sound. . This is an example of progressive assimilation.


The English plural is either /z/ or /s/ when it occurs after a non-sibilant sound. The voicing feature is taken from the final consonant of the base.

"tape" pronounced as "tate"



Stopping
A fricative is replaced by a homorganic stop.
("homorganic": made at the same place of articulation)
"Sue" pronounced as
[tu]
Vowel Reduction to Schwa
An unstressed vowel becomes schwa
"family" pronounced
famly as fam-uh-ly
Weak syllable deletion
An unstressed syllable is deleted.
"family" pronounced
family as famly
(Palatal or Velar) Fronting
An alveolar sound is substituted for a palatal or velar sound
"shoe" pronounced as [su];
"cake" pronounced as "tate"
Final Consonant Deletion
A final consonant is deleted
"beat" pronounced as [bi]
Consonant Cluster Reduction
A consonant in a consonant cluster is deleted
"spider" pronounced as "pider"
Gliding (of liquids)
A liquid becomes a glide.
"real" pronounced as "weal";
"leg" pronounced as "yeg"
Deaffrication
An affricate becomes a fricative
"jump" pronounced as "zump"