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CSD 232
Descriptive Phonetics Practice Exercise for Distinctive Features (Set #2)


Part I. Matching (Put the appropriate number in the space on the left.)

1. Back/Nonback    2. Delayed Release/Nondelayed Release
3. Distributed/Nondistributed  4. Nasal/Oral   5. Voiced/Voiceless  6, High/Nonhigh


 _______ Sounds produced with a constriction that extends for a considerable distance along the midsaggital axis of the oral tract, as opposed to sounds produced with a constriction that extends for only a short distance in this direction. (Sounds produced with the blade or front of the tongue vs. sounds produced with the tip of the tongue. This feature may also distinguish bilabial sounds from labiodental sounds.) 
 _______ Sounds produced with a laryngeal configuration permitting periodic vibration of the vocal cords; voiceless sounds lack such periodic vibration.
 _______ Sounds produced by raising the body of the tongue toward the palate; as opposed to sounds produced without such a gesture. (Palatals, velars, palatalized and velarized consonants, high vowels and glides vs. all other sounds.) 
 _______ Stops having a slow release of the stop closure, resulting in local friction noise. Used to distinguish affricates from plosives (stops)
 _______ Sounds produced by lowering the velum and allowing the air to pass outward through the nose; as opposed to sounds produced with the velum raised to prevent the passage of air through the nose. (Nasal stops, nasalized consonants, vowels and glides vs. all other sounds.) 
 _______ Sounds are produced with the tongue body relatively retracted; nonback or front sounds are produced with the tongue body relatively advanced. (Velars, uvulars, pharyngeals, velarized and pharyngealized consonants, central vowels and glides, back vowels and glides vs. all others.) 


Part II. Name the one (or two) feature(s) that distinguish(es) the following pairs of sounds.
 
________________ __________ 

________________

__________ s esh

________________
___________ [ i ] : [ e ]

________________
___________ [ b ] : [ m ]


Part III. Consider this group of sounds:
 
symbol set 1

For each of the features or feature bundles given below, give the phoneme or phonemes that match.
 
 1. ____________[+Coronal, -Strident] 4.____________ [+Anterior, -Voiced]
 2.  ___________ [-Coronal, -Anterior] 5. ____________[+High]
 3. ____________[+Strident,  +Voiced]